Chapter 6 From Revolution to the Twentieth Century

Educational Contributors

Thomas Jefferson

1743 - 1826

"Few statesmen in American history have so vigorously strived for an ideal; perhaps none has so consistently viewed education as the indispensable cornerstone of freedom." (Rippa 1997)

Benjamin Rush

1745 - 1813

Proposed a free public school system for Pennsylvania. Towns with more than 100 families would establish a free school for children to learn fundamental skills in reading, writing and arithmetic.

Noah Webster

1758 - 1843

Webster wrote numerous textbooks one of the most important being the "Elementary Spelling Book"

Horace Mann

1796 - 1859

Could be given the title "Father of American Education"

A glimpse of time

Thirteen Colonies declare independence

July 4, 1776

Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge introduced in Virginia

1779

Bill was introduced by Thomas Jefferson. Provided for public education for the masses.

Elementary Spelling Book released

1783

Often referred to as the Blue-back Speller

Land Ordinance of 1785

1785

Required that the 16th section of land in each township in the Northwest Territory be set aside for the support of education.

Sunday School

1786

First Sunday school in America opened in 1786

Delegates met to draft Constitution

1787

"Thoughts upon Female Education"

1787

Writing of Benjamin Rush that expressed his feelings on the education of women and their duty of Republican Motherhood.

Constitution is ratified

1789

West Point opens

1802

Founding of the United States Military Academy

Monitorial School

1806

First monitorial school in the United States opens in New York City.

Gideon Hawley

1812

New York became the first state to appoint a state superintendent

Free School Society of New York City

1820

Free School society is teaching more than 2000 children

Female Seminary in New York

1821

Emma Willard opens Troy Female Seminary in New York

High School

1821

English Classical School opened in Boston

Public School Society

1826

Free School Scoiety of New York City renamed.

Sunday School

1830

Initial practical purpose has been superseded by religious interests.

Massachusetts

1837

State board of education created

Female Seminary

1837

Mary Lyon opens Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in Massachusetts

Tenth Annual Report

1846

Horace Mann asserted education was the right of every child.

Annapolis

1848

Naval Academy founded

Attendance

1852

Nations first compulsor attendance law adopted by the Massachusetts legislature.

New York City Department of Education

1853

Public School Society placed under city department.

Elemtary Spelling Book

1875

75 million copies of the speller has been sold.

The numbers

Industrial growth

1807

15 cotton mills in operation in the United States

Population

1820

12 Cities 23 states population more than ten thousand.

Industrial Growth

1831

801 cotton mills were in operation

Population

1860

101 cities in 22 states population of more than ten thousand.

Population

1860

8 cities had a population over one hundred thousand