The Sugar Act is based off silk, wine, coffee, pimento, and indigo. They called it The Sugar Act because they attempted to curb the smuggling of sugar and molasses in the colonies by reducing the previous tax rate and enforcing the collection of their duties. On April 5, 1765, The Sugar Act made England seize without due process. The Sugar Act affected Boston and New England by a lot because the colonists that were there, used the sugar to make their rum. The Sugar Act was important to the American Revolution because it was the first tax on the American colonies.