The Currency Act of 1764 gave Parliament the control of the colonial currency system. The act prohibited the printing of any new bills or currency. The purpose of the act was to aid British merchants or affiliates from receiving depreciated colonial currency.
The Sugar Act of 1764
Approx. September 1, 1764
The Sugar Act of 1764 replaced the Molasses act of 1733. It reduced half the tax on molasses but it caused the enforcement of taxes to be far more strict. The act also allowed other sugar products to be heavily taxed with strict enforcement.
Boycotts of British Goods
1765 - 1768
Colonists didn't want GB to control all their decisions and get taxed for each one. This led to many revolts in which colonists boycotted many British Goods. The boycotts led to tension which was a factor in the American Revolution.
The Sons of Liberty Riots
The Sons of Liberty was established in an attempt to protest the Stamp Act of 1765. During their first Riot on August 15, 1764 they blocked off Governor Hutchinson's home, while demanding that he rejects the Stamp Act.
The Stamp Act of 1765
The Stamp Act of 1765 taxed all paper used for printed materials. The purpose of this Act was to generate revenue to make money to pay off Great Britain's debt from the French and Indian War. Colonists weren't happy and felt that the act violated their rights.
The Stamp Act of 1765 gets repealed
The Stamp Act was repealed, however the Declaratory Act took its place. This act gave British Parliament complete authority to establish and enforce laws in American Colonies "in all cases whatsoever"
The Townshend Acts of 1767
Named after Charles Townshend, the Townshend Acts were 4 different acts by British Parliament. The act allowed for new taxes to be added to different types of imports and also took away some of the colonist's freedom. For example it gave British officers the right to search homes and businesses if they were suspected of smuggling.
The Boston Massacre
In early 1770 over 2000 British soldiers attempted to enforce all of the tax laws. Many colonists were rebelling and during this time the infamous phrase "No taxation without representation" began. There were several altercations between the colonists and soldiers. These altercations eventually led to the event known as the Boston Massacre where British soldiers killed many people after being harassed by colonists. The soldiers shot without order and this event fueled Anti-British views.
The Battle of Quebec
This was an early battle in the American Revolutionary war. The rebels attempted take over the British city of Quebec in order to try and get American support in Canada. The attack was a fail and it was the first major loss in the war for the Americans.
The Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence of 1776 was the first formal statement in which the 13 colonies officially chose their own government no longer under Britain's rule. The Declaration of Independence was wrote by Thomas Jefferson and officially went into effect on July 4, 1776. This date is celebrated as the birth of American Independence.