Phoneacian traders establish a colony at Cadiz in southern Iberia.
Carthaginians occupy southern and eastern Iberia
220 BC - 218 BC
Romans defeated Carthage in the Second Punic War and occupy Iberian peninsula.
Arabs and Berber's
Combined Arab and Berber force from northern Africa cross the Strait of Gibraltar to occupy Iberian peninsula.
Independent Emirate is established in Iberia, with Cordoba as the capital.
Having retaken territories in northern Spain, Christians establish capital in Leon
King Ferdinand’s and Queen Isabel’s armies capture Grenada after long siege, the final defeat of the Moors in Spain. Jews are forced to convert to Christianity, those that don't are forced to leave Spain. Christopher Columbus sets off on his voyage
1702 - 1704
Spanish Wars of Succession. Bourbon dynasty takes the throne
1808 - 1815
Peninsular War.Spaniards rise against Napoleon's forces. Combination of guerilla tactics and support from Wellington's army end in French defeat.
Spanish- American war
Spanish-American War, Spain lost Cuba and the Philippines.