Lawsuit began in 1992, but didn't reach court until 1999. Lawsuit due to inadequate state funding, resulting in program deficiencies for ELLs.
Three mandates resulted from this case on curriculum and instruction:
• Daily instruction in English language development. The English language instruction shall be appropriate to the level of English proficiency and shall include listening and speaking skills, reading and writing skills, and cognitive and academic development in English.
• Daily instruction in basic subject areas that is understandable and appropriate to the level of academic achievement of the ELL student, and is in conformity with accepted
strategies for teaching ELL students.
• The curriculum of all bilingual education and English as a Second Language (ESL) programs shall be comparable in amount, scope and quality to that provided to English proficient students.
This court case has a very positive impact on the progression of English Learners education in schools. Because of this court decision, English Learners are treated as equals and received the extra help they needed and deserved. This decision helped progress occur within districts that had neglected helping these individuals in need.