There is considerable discussion among archeologists as to the route taken by the first migrants to Australia, widely taken to be ancestors of the modern Aborigines
Discovery of Australia by Captain Cook
22nd August 1770
In 1770, Captain Cook 'discovered' the south east coast of Australia, landing in Botany Bay. On 22 August 1770, he claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia at Possession Island, naming eastern Australia New South Wales
First fleet, first encounter between Aborigines and Britain
Governor Arthur Phillip claimed sovereignty on 26 January 1788
13 May 1788 - 10 January 1868
The last convict ship, the Hougoumont, left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Western Australia on 10 January 1868. In all, about 164,000 convicts were transported to the Australian colonies between 1788 and 1868 on board 806 ships
Victorian Gold Rush
1851 - Approx. 1860
The first gold rush in Australia began in May 1851 after prospector Edward Hargraves claimed to have discovered payable gold near Orange, at a site he called Ophir. Many people decided to work for him to try and secure gold.
3rd December 1854
On 30 November, 1854. Miners from Ballarat swore to protest against the government. On Sunday 3 December when the stockaded was only lightly guarded, government troops attacked and at least 22 diggers, 6 soldiers were killed.
1 January 1901
Australia became a nation when six British colonies- NSW, VIC, Queensland, SA, WA and Tasmania united to form the Commonwealth of Australia.