Indigenous population was estimated at being between 300,000 to 750,000
Discovery of Australia
Captain Cook discovers Australia. He lands in Botany Bay. He claimed the whole east coast of Australia, naming eastern Australia "New South Wales"
Captain Arthur Phillip arrived at Australia and made the first encounter between Aborigines and British. 11 ships left England with 1000-1500 convicts, marines and seamen to find the first European settlement in Australia
1788 - 1868
Australia became a place to send convicted criminals too as punishment. Around 162,000 convicts were transported from Britain to different colonies in Australia.
Victorian Gold Rush
1851 - 1860
Around 500,000 people migrated over to Australia in search of gold. The Gold Rush led to an influx of population and financial growth
Gold Miners revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom. It was fought between the miners and and the colonial forces of Australia
The australian colonies united to become a nation. The six colonies (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia) agreed to unite to form the Commonwealth.