French Revolution

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Financial Crisis ~ 1787- 1789

1787 - 1789

France went through financial crisis due to the king's lavish court in Versailles, spending to aid the American War of Independance, and the French nobility's refusal to pay taxes. Financial crisis went against the constitution's principles because it said that "common contribution is essential for..the cost of administration" and the 3rd estate took the most of the cost during the financial crisis.

Counter Revolution~ 1789- 1815

1789 - 1815

The violence of the revolution sparked an active need for people to stop to revolution. This was violent and so went against the constitution which forbade taking away the right of life unless needed by law.

Napoleon’s Rise to Power~ 1789- 1799

1789 - 1799

Napoleon rapidly rose through the military ranks to become an French emperor and military leader. During his reign he was abdicated twice due to crushing military defeats.

National Convention Important Actions~ September 20, 1792- November 2, 1795

September 20, 1792 - November 2, 1795

The National Convention held executive power for a few years before being replaced by the directory. It went against the constitution because it said “no body or individual may exercise power that does not proceed directly from the nation” and the national assembly grabbed their own power.

Reign of Terror~ September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

The revolution was not as effective at helping the people as people had hoped, so there was a lot of frustration. This caused political factions to kill anyone named as an enemy of the revolution. It was like the witch trials of the French revolution. In total, the guillotine claimed 16,594 lives while about 25,000 people were killed in other ways. This went against the constitution which forbade taking away the right of life unless needed by law.

Napoleon’s Important reforms 1800-1803

1800 - 1803

Napoleon succeeded in changes of the economy, government, and religion that were not accomplished by the revolution.

Congress of Vienna~ September 1814- June 1815

September 1814 - June 1815

This meeting was drawn to solve issues created by the French revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and the Holy Roman Empire. Ambassadors from European states were called upon to do this task. The treaties made at the Congress of Vienna formed French politics for years to come.

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Estates General~ May 1789

May 1789

The Estates General was a general assembly where the Estates of France were represented. This meeting, called by King Louis the 16th to solve the government’s financial problems, was the first meeting since 1614. Nothing was solved in this meeting and it ended when the French revolution broke out. This meeting goes against the constitution because the king, a part of this meeting, did not derive his powers from the people.

Creation of the National Assembly~ June 17, 1789

June 17, 1789

The third estate was not allowed to properly represent itself in the Estates General meeting and then started meeting by themselves. This group soon started calling itself the National Assembly. Later, it became the National Constituent Assembly. It went against the constitution because it said "no body or individual may exercise power that does not proceed directly from the nation" and the national assembly grabbed their own power.

Tennis Court Oath~ June 20, 1789

June 20, 1789

When locked out of the meeting of the general estates, 576 out of 577 representatives of the third estate signed an oath in an indoor tennis court. This oath pledged that the group, named national assembly, would not separated until they had created a constitution. It went against the constitution because it said “no body or individual may exercise power that does not proceed directly from the nation” and the people that took the oath to make a constitution had no power to do so.

Storming the Bastille~ July 14, 1789

July 14, 1789

The revolutionist wanted large amounts of gunpowder and they got this by laying siege to the Bastille, a prison found in the center of Paris. It was a win win for the revolutionists because in the process they got to take down a symbol of tyrannical tyranny. This attack was violent and therefore goes against the constitution which forbade taking away the right of life.

Great Fear~ July 17, 1789

July 17, 1789

The Great fear was a general panic that was caused by peasant rebellions that broke out with the French Revolution. This panic was violent which went against the constitution which forbade taking away the right of life.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen~ August 26, 1789

August 26, 1789

This was a document stating the rights of the men and the estates which closely paralleled America’s Declaration of Independence. It was a constitution for France during the French revolution. It was made by the national assembly. It went with the constitution because it was the constitution.

Creation of the National Convention~ September 20, 1792

September 20, 1792

This is the government that, during the revolution, replaced the French government. The day after it’s first meeting the French monarchy was abolished. It went against the constitution because it said “no body or individual may exercise power that does not proceed directly from the nation” and the national convention grabbed their own power.

Execution of Louis XVI ~ January 21, 1793

January 21, 1793

To completely get rid of monarchy the king was killed by way of guillotine. This was the first death of the reign of terror. This went against the constitution which forbade taking away the right of life unless needed by law.

Invasion of Russia~ 1812

1812

French forces were diminished greatly from this failure and Napoleon was abdicated two years after this campaign.

Exile to Elba~ April 11, 1814

April 11, 1814

Napoleon abdicated the throne and was exiled to Elba, a Mediterranean island.

Battle of Waterloo~ June 18, 1815

June 18, 1815

A great defeat for the French forces under Napoleon. After this Napoleon was no longer emperor and was exiled for a hundred days