the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
An American advocate on behalf of the indigent mentally ill who, through a vigorous and sustained program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums.
B. F. Skinner
A theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning.
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes
English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. His 1859 ‘On the origin of species” introduced the idea of natural selection: From among chance variations, nature selects traits that best enable an organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.
William James was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States. James was a leading thinker of the late nineteenth century, one of the most influential U.S. philosophers, and has been labeled the "Father of American psychology".
A movement in psychology founded in Germany in 1912, seeking to explain perceptions in terms of gestalts rather than by analyzing their constituents