George Cuvier, credited as the father of paleontology, rejects the concept of evolution from his fossil record studies.
James Hutton's proposal
James Hutton proposes the idea that the world may be millions rather than just thousands of years old due to his belief the geological formation of the Earth occurred over a long period of time.
Thomas Malthus publishes essay
Thomas Malthus reveals in his essay on the Principle of Population that he believes the population of humans will eventually surpass the space and resource supply required, which Charles Darwin later read and was inspired by.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck proposal
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck is the first to propose a mechanism explaining how organisms change over time and published his theory of the inheritance of acquired traits, despite the theory being flawed.
Charles Darwin writes essay
Charles Darwin writes about the theory of evolution in an unpublished essay.
Alfred Wallace Russel expeditions
1848 - 1862
in 1848, Russel went on an expedition to the Amazon to study birds, beetles and other species. After a few years there, he traveled around Malaysia and Indonesia in 1854 for eight years.
Alfred Wallace Russel publishes paper
Alfred Wallace Russel writes and publishes a paper that has similar ideas to Darwin, including the concept of natural selection.
Gregor Mendel publishes work on inherited traits
Gregor Mendel publishes his findings on inherited traits based on his research on peas - this research is credited as the basis for natural selection.
August Weismann discovery
August Weismann explains the important links between DNA and heredity.