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Financial Crisis

Jul 1, 1787

France Was in a financial Crisis and Louis XVI attempts to get it back to normal but as it starts to fail it eventually leads to the formation of the National Constitution Assembly

Tennis Court Oath

1789

This was an event during the first day of the French Revolution The Oath was a pledge signed by 576 of the 577 members from the Third Estate who were locked out of a meeting of the Estates General on 20 June 1789.

Estates General

1789

This was the first meeting since 1614 of the french estates general. this was a meeting between the first, second, and third estate.

Great Fear

1789

These peasant rebellions helped cause a subsequent general panic know as the “Great Fear” Rural unrest had been present in France since the worsening grain shortage of the spring, and fueled by the rumors of an aristocrat “famine plot” to starve or burn out the population, peasant and town people mobilized in many regions

Declaration of the Rights of Man

1789

The representatives of the French people, organized as a National Assembly, believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration, being constantly before all the members of the Social body, shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, as well as those of the executive power, may be compared at any moment with the objects and purposes of all political institutions and may thus be more respected, and, lastly, in order that the grievances of the citizens, based hereafter upon simple and incontestable principles, shall tend to the maintenance of the constitution and redound to the happiness of all. Therefore the National Assembly recognizes and proclaims, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and of the citizen

Napoleon’s Rise to Power

1789 - 1799

Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d’état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Shrewd, ambitious and a skilled military strategist, Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire.

National Assembly

1789

one month after the Estates-General met at Versailles, the members of the third estate declared themselves to be the `National Assembly', since they represented at least 96% of the nation. They took sovereign powers in respect of taxation and decided to frame a constitution restricting the powers of the king. Henceforth, sovereignty was to reside not in the person of the monarch but in the nation, which would exercize it through the representatives it elected. This revolutionary idea was expressed in the 1791 and 1795 constitutions.

Storming Bastille

Jul 1789

The Storming Bastille happened in Paris, France. The Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris

Creation Of National Convention

1792 - 1795

During the French Revolution, the National Convention, comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which was from 20 September 1792 to 26 October 1795

National Convention

September 20, 1792 - 1795

The National Convention was elected to provide a new constitution for the country after the overthrow of the monarchy (August 10, 1792). The Convention numbered 749 deputies, including businessmen, tradesmen, and many professional men. Among its early acts were the formal abolition of the monarchy (September 21) and the establishment of the republic (September 22).

Execution of Louis XVI

January, 1793

It was a major event of the French Revolution. After events on the 10 August 1792, which saw the fall of the monarchy after the attack on the Tuileries by insurgents, Louis was arrested, interned in the Temple prison with his family, tried for high treason before the National Convention, found guilty by almost all

Reign of Terror September 5, 1793 to July 28, 1794

September 5 1793 - July 28, 1794

was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins and marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution"

Important Napoleonic Reforms

1804

Napoleon set out to reform the French legal system in accordance with the ideas of the French Revolution, because the old feudal and royal laws seemed confusing and contradictory to the people. Before the Code, France did not have a single set of Laws

Invasion of Russia (russian Campaign)

1812

it was the turning point in the Napoleonic wars It reduced the French and allied invasion forces to a tiny fraction of their initial strength and triggered a major shift in European politics as it dramatically weakened French Hegemony in Europe.

The Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.

Battle of Waterloo

June 1815

An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher