French Revolution

Main

Financial Crisis

Dec 31, 1769

There were poor results in crops which made the prices sky rocket and the people hungry. So King Louis called for all of the Estate-Generals to meet to talk over this problem. They voted to raise taxes so that they would simulate money back into their economy. Like always the Third-Estate was forced to pay higher taxes. This went against their Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizens. It states that all Estates be equal and they were forcing them to pay more.
http://www.pbs.org/marieantoin.../finance.html

Counter Revolution

1789 - 1815

The Counter Revolution was because there was so much violence in France and Europe in general. The revolution was mostly disagreements on political power and overall having many differences. I do not believe that the Counter Revolution was going against the declaration because France was just trying to protect their country.
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/219315/French-Revolution/225806/Counterrevolution-regicide-and-the-Reign-of-Terror

Estates General Meeting

May 5, 1789

This day was a chance for the Third Estate to file their complaints and possibly see a change in their government system. Their meeting was focused mainly on the tax system. Nothing was accomplished at the meeting and it was getting way to out of hand so the King called the meeting off. This violates the rights of the citizens. They were not able to have the freedom to speak and goes against their constitution.
http://bastille-day.com/histor...-General-1789

Creation of the National Assembly

June 17, 1789

It was one month after the General’s met at Versailles. The members of the Third Estate were fed up with not having little power so they formed something called the National Assembly. The National Assembly’s goal was to make a mark for the country and they would soon establish something as the French know as The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizens. I do not see any violation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man because in the declaration it states you may have freedom of speech and the Third Estate wanted their voice heard too.

http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/english/8am.asp#1

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

The Tennis Court Oath was the beginning of the French Revolution, and this is where the Third Estate took control of the country. They met at a tennis court because they were locked out of Versailles. They made an agreement to never break the National Assembly until the constitution was in place for France. They forced the King and the clergy to join the National Assembly. The Tennis Court Oath is in the spirit of the Constitution of the Rights of Man.

http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Tennis+Court+Oath

Great Fear

July 1789 - August 1789

This was after the falling of Bastille. The people feared that the King would discipline them for their actions. Many believed that the King hired people to hurt the Third Estate. The result of this fear was many peasants destroyed important records that had to do with feudal dues and burned many houses. I believe that this action goes with the Declaration of the Rights of Man of the Citizen because the law is able to punish people who had a part in the falling of Bastille. But also only people who participated in the falling of Bastille in all the Estates should be punished for their wrong actions.
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Great+Fear

Storming of Bastille

Jul 14, 1789

A mob was looking for gun powder and prisoners taken by King Louis XVI at the Bastille prison. The mob and the commander of Bastille tried to come up with a way to reason but nothing happened. The mob got angry and killed the commander of Bastille and went into the prison. No this action is not against the French Constitution. The prison guard did nothing wrong in fact the people did letting all the convents out.
http://library.thinkquest.org/...astille.shtml

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizens

August 26, 1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the CItizens was established to set laws for liberty of the people, the protection of the government rights, and the role of the government rights. These were all set for France. There were 17 points to the declaration. This declaration was very similar to the United States declaration called The Declaration of Independence.
http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/d/295/

Important Actions of the National Convention

September 20, 1792 - November 2, 1795

The National Convention was an overall productive convention. It helped public affair. It also helped France not go into a civil war or the fear of being invaded. The importance's of the National Convention were in the spirit of the declaration.
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/404639/National-Convention

Creation of National Convention

September 21, 1792

The National Convention was created to write the constitution for France. There would be all Frenchmen over the age of 25. The legislature had a total of 749 members all from the total of 33 colonies. The convention was then organized into committees. They had the power to push the legislature to do things. Without the National Convention France would not be what is is today. The constitution was in the spirit of the creation of the National Convention.
http://www.soyouwanna.com/national-convention-20697.html

Execution of Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

The National Convention forced Louis XVI to death. He was executed because of the violence that had broke out in the French Empire and there was nothing being done to stop it. In August of 1792 both him and his wife were put on trial for treason by the National Convention. It was there in trial where he was commended to death. I believe that this execution was going with the declaration because Louis was given a fair trial and was killed because of his treason (points 7 and 9).

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/king-louis-xvi-executed

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 1794

It all started when Robespierre declared terror. However they did not know that this event would last for almost two whole years. There were over 18,500-40,000 people executed in the Reign of Terror. Yet the terror was to fight enemies of the revolution. The leader of the Reign of Terror was a man by the name of Maximilien Robespierre, and he was also the leader of the Committee of Public Safety. I believe that this terror went against the declaration because Robespierre took over and turned the country into distress.

http://www.pbs.org/marieantoinette/timeline/reign.html

Napoleon's Rise to Power

1799

Napoleon was being recognized all over Europe for having great strategies. He was also brave and had the courage to do anything. In 1800 he was the First Council of of France, and he was ready to take power. He had good control over his army and knew his people well because he spied on them. If anyone were against him he would kill them or put them in jail thats what made him so respected in the French society. I do believe that some of what Napoleon did was against the constitution because he killed and jailed anyone who didn't like him and it says in point 10 you may have your own opinions on anything.

http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/napoleon/revolution-to-empire/the-rise-of-napoleon

Important Napoleonic Reforms

1800

Napoleon did many things to change the government in France. He let the Directory go and formed the Consulate. In the Consulate he became the first leader. He gradually changed France into a better country. He made peace with the Catholic Church and clergy. He let the lower class people have land and was well respected by many people. He set up the government which they still use today. I believe that the Napoleonic Reforms did not affect the declaration because he really changed France for the good.
http://www.historywiz.com/reforms.htm

Invasion of Russia

June 1812

June 1812 Napoleon led his powerful army of 600,00 men into Russia. He wanted revenge on Russia for leaving the Continental System. The invasion on Russia lasted longer than Napoleon had anticipated because of Russia’s strategies of bringing the army further and further into Russia. More than half his army died and he then left them. I do believe that his actions were against the declaration because he just marched into Russia because they were no longer apart of the Continental System (point 8).

http://www.sparknotes.com/biography/napoleon/section8.rhtml

Exile of Elba

May 14, 1814

He made 1000 of his men follow him and other personals and he was given the title of Emperor of Elba. He there ruled over 100,000 people. Napoleon started his exile to reform the government in Italy. Napoleon had thought of turning against Paris to restore somethings that had happened in the past. I do not believe that this exile went against the declaration at any means.

http://www.napoleonguide.com/elba.htm

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - June 1815

This was a meeting of ambassadors of the European states. Their goal was to balance powers and prevent imperialism in Europe and prevent another revolution. I do not believe that this conference went against the declaration because the people were just trying to create peace and so there is no tension between countries within Europe.

http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/westn/congvienna.html

Battle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

The Battle of Waterloo was against the British and Prussians who defeated the French. Napoleon was defeated and sentenced to death. So the British joined the German and Dutch to help the soldiers that were going to arrive last minute in Prussia. This event does not go against the declaration at all.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/battle_waterloo_01.shtml