French Revolution

Main

Financial Crisis

Jan 1, 1787 - Jan 1, 1789

This was when King Louis XVI had stacked up a huge debt that he had no way of getting away from. The price of bread was astounding and most people in the 3rd estate were living in poverty. King Louis was not a fair ruler and his monarchy had nothing good going for it at the time. This went against the Declaration because he was making it hard on other people to make himself live and feel better.

Estates General

1789

The Estates General was the first time in 150 years that the three representative bodies came together to try and agree upon new taxes. This went with the Declaration because they were trying to work together to make life "better" but really they were making it a lot worse.

Creation of National Assembly

May 5, 1789

The creation of this assembly was out of grief because the Third Estate could never win a vote anymore. The voting in the meetings went from going by head to by estate meaning that the Third Estate could never win because the first and second could always vote against them. They got fed up enough that they proceeded to meet alone and finally called themselves The National Assembly. This was for the Declaration because they were doing what they needed to, to get by and did so without hurting anyone else.

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

The Tennis Court Oath was when King Louis was to meet with the three estates to discuss things. This however was a sham as he locked the doors to where they were meeting after the first and second estate were inside. The Third Estate showed up and was greeted by soldiers guarding the doors. They proceeded to go and meet in one of the Kings nearby indoor tennis courts where they signed an oath that stated they would stick together until something was done. 576 men signed it with only one opposing to it. This was for the Declaration because they are planning on doing good by others by getting rid of the bad people.

Storming the Bastille

July 14, 1789

This was when thousands upon thousands of citizen raided the Bastille prison and toppled buildings and stole weapons. Many soldiers died during this. It sent a message to King Louis XVI that the third estate was fed up with what was going on. This went against the Declaration because these people hurt/ killed others to only send a point, but I still believe they did what they had to.

Great Fear

July 19, 1789 - Aug. 3, 1789

This was when the third estate was absolutely terrified that King Louis army was on its way. They were scared they would come and kill people and burn the only grain they had for bread. In light of this, the commoners then stormed and burned down manors and destroyed records of taxes. This went against the declaration because they were doing something without probable cause and it didn't make much sense in the long run. They killed people for no reason.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

Aug 26, 1789

This was a political document that was much like the American Declaration of Independence. It stated many things that you could not do, or thing's that could not be taken away from you like rights. This cannot really go with or against because it is the Declaration itself.

Creation of National Convention

Sep. 20, 1792 - Oct. 26, 1795

This was basically a group of people that governed France with the goal of coming up with a new constitution for France. This goal was brought about after the overthrow of the absolute monarchy on Aug. 10th, 1792. In light of what goals they were given, they also brought King Louis to trial for crimes against the French people. This was overall for the Declaration because they were working together to make France an overall better place.

Important actions of the National Convention

Sep 20, 1792 - Oct 26, 1795

The National Convention was to have many great ideas set in place for France for the time they governed the country. But, one of their biggest accomplishments were getting rid of the Tyrant King Louis XVI. In getting rid of him they opened up a whole new door to Frances future.

Execution of King Louis XVI

Jan 21, 1793

King Louis had been called before the national convention and was tried on crimes committed against the people. On January 20th 1793, King Louis XVI was sentenced to be executed. The next day he was sent to the Guillotine and was killed. This went for the Declaration because they got rid of a tyrant who stood in their way, stopping the people of France from having happiness.

Reign of Terror

Sep 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

The Reign of Terror was an important part in the French revolution. This was when many of the revolutionary leaders who has seized control of France, chose to govern by many outrageous laws to ensure they would not be thrown out of power. They would execute people for the stupidest of reasons like if you sold them a bottle of sour wine, they killed you. These were all in the notion that these people were "trying" to overthrow them. This was all done to stop a counter revolution. This went against the Declaration because when it was all happening. The same men who wanted France to have rights and not have others trying to proclaim against them, created it so people lived in constant fear that they would be killed for stupid reasons.

Counter Revolution

1795 - 1815

This was the demand for a stable government that actually governed their country! The people of France were sick and tired of the revolutionary leaders up and killing people because of terrible accusations. It was a sick time and the people of France wanted nothing to do with it anymore. This was for the Declaration because they were demanding a stop to the hideous way the Revolutionists were governing France. They were looking out for the good of all by wanting to get rid of the Revolutionists.

Important Napoleonic Reforms

1802 - June 15, 1815

Throughout his reign of power, Napoleon actually did a lot of great thing's for France. He controlled the food prices and tried to get a lot of new business started. Some bigger events were when he created roads and canals or when he finally made peace with the Catholic church. But, biggest of all, elections actually started to happen and France was governed under more rights to the people than any time in the past. Napoleons reforms were for the Declaration because they help create opportunities for the people of France.

Napoleons Rise to Power

1802

Napoleon came to power after another tyrant was done away with, his name was Robespierre. He was a great military leader and led France to many victories. In 1802 he became Emperor of France and governed much of the European continent. His rise to power was for the Declaration because he helped the people get away from the life that Robespierre gave them. He wanted the people of France to have rights.

Invasion of Russia

June 1812

This was a grave attempt at making Tsar Alexander abide by rules of a treaty that Napoleon had proposed 4 years prior to the invasion. In all, this was a hugely failed attempt at trying to get Russia in line with France. This did not go with the Declaration because Napoleon was trying to force his ways upon the people of Russia. He wasn't letting them have a choice and that may have made it so they lost overall.

Battle of Waterloo

June 15, 1815

This battle was fought against the French and the 7th Coalition, which comprised of the U.K., Netherlands, Hanover, Nassau, Brunswick, and Prussia. This battle was fought in modern day Belgium. Emperor Napoleon was pitted against 118,000 troops were only he himself had 72,000 in his command. It turned out the way they all thought it would, a very bloody battle for the French where they lost about 75% of the men who were there. This loss culminated the end of power for Emperor Napoleon and sent him to exile. Does not apply to the Declaration.

Exile to Elba

July 1815

Napoleon was sent to Elba, a tiny island of 12,000 in inhabitants off of the Tuscan coast. He was sent here after his defeat at Waterloo and after the Allied powers declared the he had to be gotten rid of to return peace to France. Napoleon went peacefully, following his oath. he did attempt suicide but did not succeed in doing so. He was able to retain his title as Emperor and he ruled the island of Elba. In his time there he created a small navy and army, where they actually developed the iron mine. He did escape Elba to return to France after awhile with his family waiting for him. This was for the Declaration because France was looking out for the overall good of everyone when they saw that Napoleon was becoming too powerful, so they sent him to Elba. Luckily he went peacefully.

Congress of Vienna

Sept 1815

This was put in place by 4 of the belligerents that defeated France at Waterloo to try and stop an empire like Napoleons from every happening again. This was also to prevent other Revolutions from happening after the French Revolution was over. In doing all this, the French Revolution came to an end. Does not apply to the Declaration.