Cause: In 1874, The first draft mine was invented. It was invented by Nicholas Sheran who opened the first coal mine digging into a river valley.
Effect: Power could be generated in a new way and created jobs for immigrants.
Note: Although the gradual change took place from 1800-1900, the timeline only reaches to 1874 so that is where it is marked at beginning.
Cause: Spinning, weaving, cutting, sewing and all of the cottage methods were slowly eradicated as much of the work became done by machines in factories.
Effect: Unsafe working conditions arouse and problems became to come up. However, it produced and manufactured goods very quickly.
Cause: Samuel Ritchie began prospecting for copper in 1885. He later founded a copper mining company- Canadian Copper Co.-in 1886 which consisted of 25 workers. In 1902, Ritchie and 6 others founded the International Nickel Company-Inco.
Effect: This new metal, nickel was the primary of steel (later to come) and other corrosion-resistant alloys. It provided work in mining and moved the very foundations (pardon the pun) of architecture to where it is now.
Cause: The shaft mine was invented in 1892. Contrary to the drift mine, this had vertical shafts leading to horizontal passageways as well.
Effect: More jobs could be taken and coal could be mined to better effect than a drift mine creating a better way to generate power.
Cause: In 1905, Adam Beck invented a hydroelectric plant in Niagara Falls creating electricity to replace steam.
Effect: People's lives were made easier by safer and easier working conditions.
Cause: The changes to the Indian Act allowed companies or cities to legally take ownership of reserve land.
Effect: The land became hospitable by immigrants allowing more room for them increasing population and therefore jobs.
Cause: In the last year before WWI, over 400,000 immigrants streamed their way into Canada.
Effect: This filled up the jobs and made further advances in industry possible.
Cause: WWI caused demand for raw materials hundred-fold. The need for metals to build ships, tanks, artillery and the need for power for transportation, ships, tanks and troops demanded raw materials.
Effect: The mining business was booming. You needed coal to power the machines to build the weapons and coal to power the transportation; coal to power the tanks and coal to power the air force. The need for coal was massive.
Cause: In 1908, R.S. McLaughlin expanded his carriage-building business into automobiles. They built Buick and Chevrolet in Oshawa for Americans. Om 1918, GM of Detroit bought it and Oshawa became a big part of car manufacturing.
Effect: Oshawa is a booming city because of its car industry as well as Detroit. The car became a big part of North America because of it. It also moved transportation along to a whole new level.
Cause: The Silver Dart was the first powered airplane in the British Empire.
Effect: Overseas shipping and trade became common as well as transportation.