First School for disabled students founded in western civilization.
Perkin School for the blind
Perkins school opens in Boston, Massachusetts. It was the first of it's kind serving students with mental illness and disabilities. Students must live on campus similar to boarding schools.
1839 - 1840
States begin passing compulsory education laws requiring the government to provide education for all children. Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and North Carolina are among first states to have these laws on the books
Columbia Institution Founded
1857 - 1864
In 1857 The 34th Congress passes H.R. 806 to fund an institute for the legally deaf, dumb, and blind. Columbia Institution was founded. In 1864 the school received a grant to award their students with college degrees.
The American Association of Instructors of the Blind (AAIB) Founded
The first organization of blindness professionals in the U.S. The association embraced those working in residential schools.
Beattie v. Board of Education
Disabled students were expelled from school for involuntary facial features, drooling, and inability to clearly communicate.
The Council for Exceptional Children
February 24th, 1922
This group was formed to ensure all students with disabilities received Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE).
The Bradly Home
The first psychiatric home for children is established in Rhode Island.
Cuyahoga Council for Retarted Citizens
Advocacy group formed by 5 mothers of children with mental retardation. They successfully lobbied and the first special education class was formed.
Classification of Autism
Dr. Leo Kanner of Johns Hopkins University introduces the classification of autism.
The National Association of Parents and Friends of Retarded Children Founded
Family and Friends of retarded children met in Minneapolis, MN to create the National Association of Parents and Friends of Retarded Children. This organization is known today as "The Arc".
Brown v Board of Education
May 17, 1954
Although the main intent of this case was to end "Separate but equal" it also had a profound effect on ensuring equal educational rights for special students.
PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children files lawsuit against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to ensure students with mental disabilities have access to a free public education.
Mills v DC Board of Education
Court ruled that public schools in Washington D.C. must provide free public education to all children regardless of mental and physical disabilities.
Berkeley Center for Independent Living Formally Established
Although severely disabled students, such as Ed Roberts, had already been living on campus at UC Berkeley in March of '72 an independent living quarters was officially established making it the first of its kind.
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation ensures that there will be no discrimination based on disability.
Education for all Handicapped Children Act
This Act ensures that all handicapped children have the option to be educated in public schools.
Least Restrictive Environment
This means that students with an IEP need to be in as many regular education classes as possible.
Board of Ed of HHCD v Rowley
Supreme Court ruled that it is the schools job to provide students with a "beneficial education" not for disabled students to reach their full potential.
Handicapped Children's Protection Act
August 6, 1986
Law signed by Ronald Reagan that gives parents of children with disabilities more say over their child's IEP.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
George H.W. Bush signs the IDEA law into effect. This law ensures that students wth disabilities have the same rights as regular ed students.
Americans with Disabilities Act
July 26, 1990
Nondiscriminatory law ensuring all people with disabilities will be treated equally in regards to school, work, and transportation.
December 3, 2004
IDEA was updated to include changes to IEP's and due process.