Theory of Natural Selection. Criticized structuralism and dismissive of information from non-human subjects.
1821 - 1936
Hermann von Helmholtz, Ivan Sechenov, Vladimir Becheterev, Ivan Pavlov, Jacques Loeb
1832 - 1920
Founder of experimental psychology. Concerned with the empirical study of the mind. Studied reaction time and introspection. Position= Voluntarism
1842 - 1910
Detailed pragmatism as a unitquely American philsophical position. Proto-functionalism.
G. Stanley Hall
1844 - 1924
Founed first psychological lab in US. Founded the APA in 1892. Position=Genetic Psychology
Comparative Animal Psychology
1848 - 1936
G.J. Romanes, C. Lloyd Morgan, L.T. Hobhouse
Antecedent manipulations to compare "intelligence" of animals and humans.
1867 - 1927
Established psychology program at Cornel. Position=Structuralism
Behavioral Revolution- John B. Watson Phase 1
1913 - 1938
Psychology as a natural science that rejects dualism. Focuses on the material. Classical S-R behaviorism. Position=Methodological behaviorism.
Mediational Neo-behaviorsm Phase 2
1930 - 1939
1938 - Present
B.F. Skinner discovered the operant and gave way to the consequence causal understanding of behavior. Expanded on much work, including James' pragmatism, Watson's behaviorism, and Thorndike's consequences.