Psychology was based on mental constructs and theoretical events. Psychology considered a science and mental constructs considered to contribute to behavior. Immanuel Kant discussed psychology is based on in mental constructs and could never be a science. Radical behaviorism eventually became a sub-part of psychology.
1832 - 1920
German Philosopher established the first psychological laboratory. Experiments conducted on private events and attempted to make psychology an applied science.
1849 - 1936
Hermann Von Helmholtz conducted experiments on the process of reflexes . Ivan Pavlov established the respondent conditioning relationship by manipulating a dogs reflexes. Eventually coined respondent conditioning . Provide foundations on the stimulus- response relationship. Has its basics understanding of observable behavior.
Law of Effects
Thorndike developed law of effects theory. Focused on the consequnces of a response.
John B Watson
1913 - 1925
Psychologist began to study the stimulus - response without any foundation of the relation of reflexology and physiology . John B. Watson (1913) established psychology from a behaviorist view. This established the objective view of a science, focused on prediction and control of behavior. This established the behaviorism movement.
1920 - 1956
American colleges begin opening psychology laboratories and programs. More establishment of applied research and importance on empirical research methods. Frank Angell ( 1857-1939) and Lightner Witmer ( 1867- 1956) played major roll with establishing psychology in United States.
1948 - 2000
Skinner extend the view of the stimulus- responding relationship from a behaviorist view. Classical conditioning to simple to explain human behavior. Established operant conditioning through research with rats. The three term contingency , reinforcement and punishment is clarified in regards to its effects on behavior. Radical behaviorism is discussed and covers 4 dimensions: experimental analysis of behavior, applied research, practitioner, and radical behaviorism.
Birth of Applied Behavior Analysis
1950 - 1960
Allyon and Micheal (1959) paper was the first publication of an ABA article. This article outlined ABA principles used in a state mental hospital to reduce challenging behaviors. In addition to Skinner development of operant conditioning and reinforcement principles.
In 1987 Loovaas provided support for the use of ABA strategies on children diagnosed with autism. Results supported the use of positive reinforcement to increase preferred behaviors increase IQ scores. This added to the 4 dimensions of radical behaviorism by increasing practitioners use of ABA strategies to socially significant behaviors.
Acceptance Commitment Therapy
1999 - Present
Hayes, Strosahl, and Wilson published book on ACT. The book resulted back to philosophical and therapeutic traditions of existentialism, humanism, zen, and Buddhism. This is based in functional contextual philosophy of Skinner verbal behavior.