1860-1880

canada's history

parliament building

1860

The cornerstone of the Parliament buildings is laid.

nova scotia

1861

Howe becomes Premier of Nova Scotia.

mout allison university

1862

Mount Allison University accepts the first woman student in Sackville, N.B.

Billy Barker

1862

strikes gold on Williams Creek in B.C.

calgary

1863

calgary become a city

charlottetown

1864

Charlottetown Conference opens to discuss the confederation of British North America colonies

B.N.A. act

1866

The London Conference passes resolutions which are redrafted as the British North America Act.

battle of ridgeway

1866

battle of ridgeway climaxes biggest fanian raid into canada

private timothy o'hara

1866

Private Timothy O'Hara extinguishes a fire in a boxcar of ammunition at Danville. Que., and wins the only Victoria Cross ever rewarded for an act in Canada

Vancouver Island and British Columbia

1866

Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia are combined into one colony named British Columbia.

emily Stowe

1867

first female doc in canada

The British North America Act

1867

The British North America Act is passed by Britain's Parliament, providing for Canada's Confederation.

emily slowe

1867

Emily Stowe, the first woman doctor in Canada, begins to practice medicine in Toronto

ontario

1867

ontario joins confederation

john a. macdonald prime minister

1867

Louis Riel

1869

riel establishes alegal proisional government

metis red river

1869

The Métis of Red River rebel, under Louis Riel, after their region is purchased by Canada from Hudson's Bay Company.

t. eaton

1869

the t. eaton store opened in taronto.

louis and the metis

1869

louis riel and the metis occupy lowewr fort garry. the red river rebellion has begun

Qubec city

1869

the future site of Qubec city used
the word Canada to refer to both the settlement
of standacona and the land surrounding it.

canada purchased rupers land

1869

louis riel

1869

louis riel and the metis rebel on the red river

canada buys ruperts land and hudson bay companys

june 22 1869

Canadian Parliament agrees to buy Rupert's Land - All the Hudson's Bay Company territory.

football

1870

the first documented football game
was in toronto

thomas executed

1870

Thomas Scott executed on orders of Riel.

winnepeg city

1870

winnipeg became the capital of manitoba

manitoba

1870

the last tribal war

july 1870

it was fought on the prairies between the cree and blackfoot
hunting territories

b.c.

1871

b.c. joins confederation

Mary Celest

dec. 1872

the Mary Celest was empty on the Atlantic ocean

pacific railway

1873

The Pacific Scandal erupts: Prime Minister Macdonald accused of corruption in negotiations over a transcontinental railway

american whisky kills 56 people

1873

American whisky traders kill fifty-six Assiniboine in the Cypress Hills of the southern Prairies. The North-West Mounted Police (later the RCMP) is formed to keep order in the new Canadian territories.

nellie mc clung

1873

was one of the famous five ;notabal suffragist,
politicianand writer.

alexander mackenzie prime minister

1873

alexander mackenzie is the prime minister

winnipeg

1873

winnipeg was incorported as a city

north-west mounted police

1873

north-west mounted police formed to keep new teritoies under control

PEI

1873

PEI joins confederation

william d. lawrence

1874

William D. Lawrence, the biggest wooden ship ever built in the Maritimes, launched at Maitland, N.S

alexander graham bell

1874

Alexander Graham Bell discloses the invention of the telephone to his father at the family home on the outskirts of Brantford, Ontario.

anabaptists

1874

Anabaptists (Russian Mennonites) start to arrive in Manitoba from various Russian colonies.

alexander graham bell

1874

alexander graham bell display his new invention the telephone to his family

louis riel

1874

riel is elected to the house of commons but cannot take the seat

Mounties leave Fort Dufferin

june 8 1874

The Mounties leave Fort Dufferin on their march west to wipe out the whisky trade.

grace lockhart

1875

Grace Lockhart receives from Mount Allison University the first Bachelor of Arts degree awarded to a woman.

indoor hockey

1875

first organized indoor hockey game

louis riel

1875

riel is granted ammnesty with the condition that he be banished for five years

supreme court of canada

1875

the supreme court of canada is established

jennie trout

feb. 1875

became the femal to practic medicine in canada.

canadian picific railway

1876

The Intercolonial Railway, growing out of the Halifax-Truro line, links central Canada and the Maritimes

toronto women's

1876

The Toronto Women's Literary Club is founded as a front for the suffrage movement

first intelligible telephone call

1876

The first intelligible telephone call between two buildings is made groom Brantford, Ont,. To Mount Pleasant, two miles away.

long-distance call

1876

The world's first long-distance phone call connects the Bell residence with a shoe and boot store in nearby Paris, Ontario

bell

apr. 1876

first demonstrated telephone was in boston

treaty

1877

Treaty No.7 cedes the last big section of Prairie land to the government of Canada.

ice hochey

1877

hockey's rules were published in the montreal gazett

anti-chinese in B.C.

1878

anti-chinese seniment in B.C. reaches a high piont as the government ban chinese workers from public

sir john a. macdonald

1878

sir john a. macdonald re-elected prime minister

macdonald

1879

Macdonald introduces protective tariffs, a transcontinental railway, and immigration to the west in his National Policy

britain transfer

1880

Britain transfer the Arctic, which it claims to own, to Canada, completing Canada's modern boundaries - except for Newfoundland and Labrador

Calixa lauallee

1880

she preformed the first preformance of "o canada"