French Revolution

Main

Financial Crisis of 1787-1789

1787 - 1789

France was deeply in debt because France had helped the U.S win the Revolutionary War and because the French kings continued to spend too much money.

creation of national assembly

1789 - 1791

This national assembly was the first new government and once it formed the power of Frances monarchy began to fall. The national assembly adopted the Decloration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen witch was an important statement of its principles

counter revolution

1789 - 1815

This was a fear that there would be a counter revolution against the new government

Estates General

1789

The Estates General was a meeting of all of the representatives of the three estates of France. The meeting was unfair because most of the people were in the Third Estate but this group had the fewest rights.

Tennis Court Oath

06/20/1789

The Tennis Court Oath was a meeting of the third estate in a tennis court where the representatives refused to leave until they had a new constitution.

Storming Bastille

07/14/1789

This event involved the people attacking the central prison of Paris and releasing prisoners. The people also took the stash of weapons that were in the Bastille this was the symbolic beginning of the French Revolution

great fear

07/15/1789 - 08/3/1789

This was the time after the storming of the Bastille when people were afraid that the monarchy was going to react violently.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

08/26/1789

This document put forward the basic principles of the French Revolution including liberty, equality, and fraternity.

creation of national convention

09/20/1792 - 10/26/1795

This was the new governing body that took power after the National and Legislative Assemblies.

Important Actions of the National Convention

09/20/1792 - 1795

The Convention did the following... ended the monarchy, tried and executed the king, set up a draft, ended slavery in French Colonies, and wrote a new constitution.

Execution of Louis XVI

01/21/1793

The National Convention of France put Louis the XVI to trial and convicted him to death. he was executed with a guillotine.

reign of terror

09/5/1793 - 07/28/1794

This was the time period after the execution of the king when the national convention set up a court to try anyone they believed may be opposed to the revolution.

Napoleon's Rise to Power

1795 - 1808

Napoleon was a military leader who rose from being in the army to become the main ruler of France. He seized the chance to bring stability to France and bring himself power.

Important Napoleonic Reforms

1804 - 1814

These were changes introduced by Napoleon to the economic system of France including a National Bank of France and a more efficient tax collection system. Also, the Napoleonic Code of Laws was introduced that ended many injustices.

Invasion Of Russia

June 1812 - October 1812

Failed attempt to march into Russia and take over. Only 100,000 of 600,000 survived.

Exile To Elba

1814 - 1815

Elba is an island off of Italy and it is where Napoleon was sent after his defeat in Russia and Germany.

Congress Of Vienna

1815

This was a big meeting to restore order and stability to Europe after Napoleon's rule.This meeting gave much power back to the monarchs of Europe.

Battle Of Waterloo

06/18/1815

This battle was a crushing defeat for Napoleon and it was the end of his military career.