French Revolution

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Financial Crisis of 1787-1789

1787 - 1789

France had given a lot of support to American during its Revolution, and because of this they were in a great debt. The debt drove the government to raise the taxes on the people. This in turn lead to greater financial stress on the 3rd estate. The crisis spiked three times;April-May 1787, September 1787, and again in September- November 1789. In 1789 unemployment spread and bread prices rose. People had no money to pay for necessities of life. This supported the Declaration. The taxation was unfair and lasted for a very long period of time. In the declaration, it was stated that all taxation be fair and only for a short time period.

Estates General

05/05/1789 - 06/27/1789

The Estates General was an assembly filled with representation from all three estates. The representation of the 3rd estate came to the last meeting fearing that the other two estates would overrule any chance of reform. They began the the end of representation based on social class. This last meeting supported the Declaration because it began the establishment of unbiased representation.

Creation of National Assembly

06/17/1789 - 07/09/1789

The Estates General had been composed of representatives from the 1st, 2nd and 3rd estates. Because the 3rd estate represented the majority of the citizens, they were granted double representation. But they were informed that voting would be done by estate, not by head, so their double representation meant nothing. They refused to meet with the Estates General, and met on their own. Soon the other estates joined and they began to call themselves the National Assembly. Eventually they were joined by some nobility, majority of the clergy, and many other citizens. They began to call themselves the National Assembly. This supports the Declaration because the representatives had to be elected into power, and the decisions were made by a group of people, not just a monarch.

Tennis Court Oath

06/17/1789 - 06/20/1789

This signified the first time the citizens of France formally stood against King Louis XVI. IT inspired revolutionary actions in the months after. Also, it reinforced the power of the Assembly and forced the King Louis to base voting on heads, not estates. This gave everyone that was elected and equal say, therefore giving the 3rd estate the power they wanted. It goes along with the constitution because every citizen was granted expression through representation.

Storming the Bastille

07/14/1789

The Bastille was a prison where citizens who criticised the King and Queen were kept. The bastille also held a large amount of guns and ammo, which is the true reason why the citizens stormed it. After trying to reason with the King, and being repetitively ignored, they attacked the prison. They took the weapons they needed and freed the 7 prisoners inside. This did not support the declaration because they stole property, and people were imprisoned for unjust reasons.

Great Fear

07/19/1789 - 08/03/1789

This occurred at the beginning of the French Revolution. This was a large panic caused by rebel peasants. This panic was caused by rural unrest due to a grain shortage and rumors that the aristocrats were planning to starve or burn the population. In response to the rumors, peasants armed themselves. In some cases they even attacked Manors. This goes against the declaration because they are using unnecessary violence.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

08/26/1789

In 1789, French citizens abolished the monarchy. They created the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. It called for equal rights and liberty. It also led to a fair government. It indeed supports itself.

Counterrevolution

1792 - 1797

Was composed of various groups both in and outside of France who were opposed to the French Revolution and actively sought to change its course. People who went against this were a part of the many people who were killed in the Reign of Terror. This is not with the Declaration of Man.

Napoleon's Rise to Power

1792 - 1796

He was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 1900s. While he was in the military he went up in rankings very fast during the French Revolution. After seizing power in France he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire. In 1812 he abdicated the throne two years later and was exiled to the island of Elba. No because he started wars and war kills people.

Actions of the National Convention

09/20/1792 - 06/26/1795

The National Convention took many important actions. Among these are; saving france from a civil war, saving france from invasion, creating the public education system, creating institutions of capital importance, ratification and expansion of the whole French colonial empire, and the abolishment of slavery. This support the declaration because the actions were made without prejudice, and all estates were represented.

Creation of National Convention

09/20/1792 - 06/26/1795

When King Louis was suspended, it was said that a convocation of a national convention would write a constitution. It was then stated that the convention would consist of elected Frenchmen. The convention was the first french assembly to be elected without distinction of estate. The convention held main power in the first years of the French First Republic. This agrees with the declaration because the men are elected and there is no distinction or discrimination.

Execution of Louis XVI

01/21/1793

By December of 1792, the Assembly had been replaced by the Convention as the official government of France. The Convention was divided into two factions: Jacobins and Girondins. The biggest ideological difference between the two was that the Jacobins were in favor of executing Louis XVI, and the Girondins were opposed. The Girondins also thought that the King had the right to a trial, and the Jacobins did not. Robespierre who was a radical Jacobin. This doesn't go with the Declaration of Man because they are talking about killing people and killing people doesn't go with the Declaration of Man.

Reign of TERROR

09/05/1793 - 07/28/1794

This was a period of time with a lot of violence, that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution. State used violent repression to crush resistance to the government, under control of the effectively dictatorial Committee, the Convention quickly enacted more legislation. Not with the Declaration of man.

Important Napoleonic Reforms

1798 - 1821

The most important reform that Napoleon made was called the Napoleonic Code. It included many Enlightenment ideas, such as religious freedom, equality of citizens before the law and advancement on merit. He also helped France by setting up many non-religious schools, because he believed in Education for all. By now Napoleon owned much of Europe, and he put many family members and friends in control of thrones, and kept trying to conquer the world.

Invasion of Russia

1812

Russians retreated, destroying everything that could be of use to the French. Napoleon had always lived off the land in his campaigns in order to forestall a supply problem. Now it was impossible. When he reached Moscow in September he found it burning. There was nothing there which could feed and house his troops for the winter.so he was forced to turn back toward home just as winter was setting in. His Grand Army ran out of supplies and soldiers died of disease and and the bitter cold of the Russian winter. They were clad only in summer uniforms. Russian troops continually attacked them as they trudged home. Only 40,000 survived the march. This doesn't go with the Declaration of Man because they were destroying many things.

Exile to Elba

1814

On this day in 1814, Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France and of the greatest military leader in the history, abdicates the throne, and in the Treaty of Fontainebleau, is banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba. This doesn't go with the Declaration on Man because they are killing people and that doesn't go with the Declaration of Man.

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

The Congress of Vienna was held in order to draw up a plan to alter Europe politically and territorially so as to prevent the extensive expansion of any one great power, such as that Napoleon had brought about. Creating a balance of power among the powerful nations of Europe, reinstating conservative regimes, containing France, and reaching an agreement to cooperate with each other were the goals of the Congress, which illustrated the altruistic attitude of the national representatives present and supported the overall purpose of preventing future widespread conflict. I think this goes with the Declaration of Man because they are trying to to make things more equal.

Battle of Waterloo

1815

The Battle of Waterloo, in which Napoleon’s forces were defeated by the British and Prussians, signaled the end of his reign and the end of France’s domination in Europe. After Waterloo, Napoleon abdicated and later died in exile. This doesn't go with the Declaration of Man because it was a war under Napoleon's power he doesn't go with the Declaration of Man.