Science & Medicine

Scientists

Charles Darwin

1809

was an English naturalist.He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors,and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.

Louis Pasteur

1822

Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who was one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases

Albert Einstein

1879

Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics

Neils Bohr

1885

Niels Henrik David Bohr was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.

Stephen Hawking

1942

Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA is a British theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author

significant events in science

Louis Braille invented the braille system of reading

1821

Faraday invented the first electric engine

1821

Clapeyron discovered entropy

1834

Doppler discovered the Doppler effect

1842

Eduard Buchner discovered enzymes

1896

Medical Scientists

Hippocrates

460

Hippocrates of Cos or Hippokrates of Kos was an ancient Greek physician of the Age of Pericles, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

Roger Bacon

1214

The Curie's research was crucial in the development of x-rays in surgery. During World War One Curie helped to equip ambulances with x-ray equipment, which she herself drove to the front lines. The International Red Cross made her head of its radiological service and she held training courses for medical orderlies and doctors in the new techniques.

Clara Barton

1821

Founder of the red cross

Elizabeth Blockwell

1821

First female doctor

Marie Curie

1867

The Curie's research was crucial in the development of x-rays in surgery. During World War One Curie helped to equip ambulances with x-ray equipment, which she herself drove to the front lines. The International Red Cross made her head of its radiological service and she held training courses for medical orderlies and doctors in the new techniques.

Medical Advances

pulmonary circulation of the blood

1200

Ibn Al-Nafis discovered the pulmonary circulation of the blood (between the heart and the lungs).

Microscope

1826

Joseph Jackson Listers Micrsocope

chemical laws

1842

Liebig showed that chemical laws operate on living bodies and inanimate matter alike

chloroform could serve as a very effective anaesthetic.

1847

james simpson discovered chloroform could serve as a very effective anaesthetic.

discovery of the structure of DNA

1953

Francis Crick and James Watson

Wars

persian wars

448 - 499

Mongol Wars and conquests

1206 - 1324

Fifth crusade

1213 - 1221

Napoleonic wars

1803 - 1815

Russo-Persian War

1804 - 1813

Rum Rebellion

1808 - 1810

Spanish American war of independence

1808 - 1833

Greek War of Independence

1821 - 1832

Comanche-Mexico War

1821 - 1848

Winnebago War

1827

Navajo Wars

1846 - 1864

Cheyenne War

1878 - 1879

Sheepeater Indian War

1879

Victorios War

1879 - 1880

World War II

1939 - 1945