5 Scientists Who Shaped World History :)

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Isaac Newton

December 1642

Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. He created the Newton Laws.

Wilhelm (William) Blandowski

1822

a German zoologist and mining engineer, was born in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (now: Gliwice, Poland).

Werner Heisenberg

1930

Known for Uncertainty Principle
Heisenberg's microscope
Matrix mechanics
Kramers-Heisenberg formula
Heisenberg group
Isospin
Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian

Wernher von Braun

1942 - 1977

German-American rocket scientist, aerospace engineer, space architect, and one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Nazi Germany during World War II and, subsequently, in the United States

Alfred Kinsey

1947 - 1956

American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University,now known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction. He is best known for writing "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" (1948) and "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female" (1953),

5 Historical Events

Atomic bomb

1945

1945 Atomic bombs fall on cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan

India gains independence

1947

1947 India gains independence from Britain in New Delhi

Israel declares independence

1948

1948 Israel declares independence, achieves statehood

United States loses

1975

1975 United States loses Vietnam conflict

1989 Berlin Wall falls

1981

Medical Scientists

Germ theory

1890

Germ theory might have been the discovery of bacteria, but the discovery of penicillin was the moment that the medical profession finally had a way to fight back against infections that would have once cost people their lives. Penicillin became the starting point for a whole string of antibiotics, both broad and narrow spectrum. This new way of treatment meant that amputations were significantly reduced, gum infections could be treated, and infections of the blood were no longer fatal.

Fredrick Hopkins

1900

Frederick Hopkins and a few other scientists discover (in the early 1900′s) that some diseases are caused by deficiencies of certain nutrients, later called vitamins. Through feeding experiments with laboratory animals, Hopkins concludes that these “accessory food factors” are essential to health.

Fredrick Banting

1920

Frederick Banting and his colleagues discover the hormone insulin (1920′s), which helps balance blood sugar levels in diabetes patients and allows them to live normal lives. Before insulin, diabetes meant a slow and certain death. Insulin stops the use of fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagon. When insulin is absent, glucose is not taken up by body cells and the body begins to use fat as an energy source or gluconeogenesis. For example, by transfer of lipids from adipose tissue to the liver for mobilization as an energy source.

Anesthetics

1950

Anesthetics are easily one of the most important medical advances in surgical operations. By preventing pain during surgery, surgeons were given the ability to work in completely new ways with the human body, with a lower chance from complications such as shock. With anesthetics, pain no longer became such a huge factor in operations. Not only did this reduce the risk of shock, but it also allowed for more complex and intricate surgical procedures.

Robert Gallo

1980

Competing scientists Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier separately discover a new retrovirus later dubbed HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), and identify it as the causative agent of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) – 1980′s.

5 Scientific Events

Max Planck

1900

discovers quanta - the basis of quantum theory

Albert Einstein

1905

publishes the Special Theory of Relativity

Wars

First Englsh Civil War

1642

Mexican War of Independence

1821

VIctorio's War

1879

Russian Revolution

1905

Mexican War

1910

Chinese Civil War

1927

World War II

1945

Greek Civil War

1946

Arab-Israeli War

1948

Korean War

1950

Mau Mau Uprising

1952

Soviet War in Afganistan

1979

Iran-Iraq War

1980

Falklands War

1982