Regarded as the founder of modern physical science.
Learned air is not a chemical solvent.
discovered "The Darwin Theory of Evolution."
Established the first psychology lab.
study sexology and made the Kinsey Scale which ranges from 0 to 6, where 0 is exclusively heterosexual and 6 is exclusively homosexual; a rating of X, for asexual, was later added by Kinsey's associates.
U.S. drops atomic bomb on Japan; World War II ends 8 days later
U.S. tests hydrogen bomb
Television becomes increasingly common.
Food and Drug Administration approves birth control pill for general use
Apple introduces Apple II, the first prominent personal computer
Edward Jenner, an English country doctor, performs the first vaccination against smallpox
Several scientists discover that certain chemicals can be used as anesthetics, making it possible to perform surgery without pain.
Wilhelm Roentgen accidentally discovers X-rays as he conducts experiments with the radiation from cathode rays
Frederick Hopkins and others discover that some diseases are caused by deficiencies of certain nutrients, later called vitamins.
Austrian biologist Karl Landsteiner and his group discover four blood groups and develop a system of classification. Knowledge of the different blood types is crucial to performing safe blood transfusions, now a common practice.
dissects human corpses, revealing detailed information about human anatomy and correcting earlier views.
discovers that blood circulates through the body and names the heart as the organ responsible for pumping the blood
discovered blood group, which helps in safe blood transfusions
discovers penicillin, then Howard Florey and Boris Chain isolate and purify the compound, producing the first antibiotic.
discovers that Prontosil, an orange-red dye, cures infections caused by the common bacteria streptococci.
Andreas Vesalius dissects human corpses, revealing detailed information about human anatomy and correcting earlier views.
General anesthetics are found
First Atom Bomb dropped
U.S. test first hydrogen bomb
TV becomes widely used
Birth Control Approved for general use. Mac produces first succesful personal computer.