Greatest Scientists

Significant Scientist

Galileo Galilei

1564 AD - 1642 AD

His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus.

Isaac Newton

1642 AD - 1727 AD

Newton built the first reflecting telescope and developed the theory of colour based on the observasion that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours of the visible spectrum

Charles Darwin

1809 AD - 1882 AD

Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book "On the Origin of Species".

Albert Einstein

1879 AD - 1955 AD

On the eve of World War II, he helped alert President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Germany might be developing an atomic weapon.

Neils Bohr

1885 AD - 1962 AD

He made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.

Significant Events

Galileo Galilei (1581)


In 1581, when he was studying medicine, he noticed a swinging chandelier, which air currents shifted about to swing in larger and smaller arcs.

Isaac Newton (1667)


In 1667, Isaac Newton returned to Cambridge as a fellow of Trinity.

Charles Darwin (1863 )


In 1863 Lyell's Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man popularised prehistory, though his caution on evolution disappointed Darwin.

Neils Bohr (1879)


In 1879. Bohr conducted a series of experiments, using his father's laboratory in the university, familiar to him from assisting there since childhood, because the university had no physics laboratory.

Albert Einstein (1911)


During 1911, he had calculated that, based on his new theory of general relativity, light from another star would be bent by the Sun's gravity.

Medical Scientist

Rudolf Virchow

1821 - 1902

Virchow founded the medical fields of cellular pathology and comparative pathology

Louis Pasteur

1822 - 1895

In Pasteur's early work as a chemist, he resolved a problem concerning the nature of tartaric acid. A solution of this compound derived from living things (specifically, wine lees) rotated the plane of polarization of light passing through it.

Alexander Fleming

1881 - 1955

Alexander Fleming wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance penicillin from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain

Charles Lindbergh

1902 - 1974

Lindbergh emerged suddenly from virtual obscurity to instantaneous world fame as the result of his Orteig Prize-winning solo non-stop flight on May 20–21, 1927, made from Roosevelt Field

Charles Drew

1904 - 1950

Charles Drew researched in the field of blood transfusions, developing improved techniques for blood storage, and applied his expert knowledge to developing large-scale blood banks early in World War II

Significant Medical Events