The first public school special education class was established in Cleveland, Ohio. It was shortly abandoned afterwards.
Providence Special Education Class
Another public school special education class was recorded in Providence, Rhode Island in 1896. During this time, other special education classes were starting to be established in different cities as well
Approx. 1900 - Approx. 1970
The eugenic movement emerged in the early 1900's where many disabled adults were involuntarily sterilized. They were thought to be inferior. In 1927, the Supreme Court Ruled that the sterilization of the disabled did not violate the US Constitution. Several sterilization laws were in place until 1970
Beattie vs. Board of Education
The student had cerebral palsy that caused drooling and face contortion. The teacher found their presences "nauseating." The court ruled that the child took too much of the teachers time.
Brown Vs Board Of Education
During this time, professionals were starting to question whether special education classes provided appropriate education for the students with disabilities.
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
This granted disabled children the right to an education that didn't just cater to traditional academic instruction.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
This helped increase federal funding for special education classes, and task states to create educational opportunities for the students with disabilities.
Handicap Children Protection Law
This gives parents more control in how their child's individual educational plan is developed.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Libraries, restaurants, stores, hotels, and transportation systems must accommodate to people with disabilities. This includes having ramps, elevators, and close captioning.
Individuals with disabilities education act
The IDEA includes all the rights that disabled children and their family have. The principles includes zero reject, FAPE, LRE, nondiscriminatory evaluation, confidentiality, and procedural safeguards.