French Revolution

history hr.6

Main

Financial crisis- 1787- (winter of) 1788-

1787 - 1788

France was deeply in debt from borrowing money to spend on wars like the American Revolution. Also because there was a drought that ruined the harvested. This even sort of goes along with the article 14 because that one has to do with paying equal taxes and its not fair if the king is spending money on whatever he wants while the people are paying for it with thier taxes. Also article 3 is being broken because the king is exceeding his authorities.

estates general

1788

(spring) All three estates met in Paris to talk about voting process that threatened the possibility of reforms. This goes along with article 1 because that states men are born eaual, so if there are unfair voting then there are not equal people. Some people will be higher than others in the "social chain".

Great fear

1789

after the fall of the Bastille, people spread rumors that the king had hired foreign soldiers to punish the third estate. Later, some peasant tried to take revenge on their landowners by destroying records and burned nobles’ homes. This event goes along with article number 12 because that states that the people are protected by the military so they shouldn't have to worry so much if this article is doing its job.

Storming the bastille

July 14, 1789

People in Paris armed themselves and formed a mob to first try make negotiations, but when that failed they swarmed into the prison and after they paraded through the streets with the commanders head on a stick. This also goes along with article 12 because the people shouldnt have to arm themselves if they are protected by the military. Also, article 5 is being broken because the people are causing harm to the society.

Creation of national assembly

July 17, 1789

While all three estates were meeting, the third estate got angry and decided not to listen to the king so they broke away and decided to call themselves the national assembly. then the king got angry and “kicked” them out of their meeting spot so they started meeting at a tennis court. Again this goes along with article 1. This also goes along with articles 10 because this one talks a little about freedom of speech.

Tennis court oath

July 17, 1789

This occurred when the third estate went to a tennis court because they were kicked out of their regular meeting place and said they would not leave the court until they had written a constitution for France. This resulted in the king allowing each representative to have a vote. This event goes along with article 1 because the third estate was being treated unfairly and article one says that all men are created equal. But this event goes better with article 11 because it also talks about freedom of speech but it also talks about freedom of press

Declaration of the rights of man and the citizens

August 1789

(late august) This declaration layed out the basic principles of the french revolution- “liberty, equality, fraternity (brotherhood)” their inspiration came from the English bill of rights and the american declaration of independence along with the writing of enlightenment philosophers. This event goes along with article 11 because there is a freedom of speech and press.

Creation of national convention

1791

The constitution was finally completed, the legislative body was now called Legislative assembly. More voting rights were given to the people, but had to be 25 or older. Article 11, freedom of press is related. But i think that article 1 is being broken because there is an age limit.

Important actions of the national convention

August 10, 1792

They met on the same day that there was a mob that went to Tuileries palace and threw Louis, Marie-Antoinette, and their children into prison. They won a battle against the foreign invaders that eventually gave the people hope in the revolutionary troops. This even sort of goes against article 7 because the king, queen, and their childeren were put into prision and article 7 says unless percribed by law. Also article 9 says all people are innocent untill prooven guilty

Reign of Terror

1793

According to the textbook the reign of terror is creating a wave of fear throughout the country. This occurred because people were concerned about the direction that the revolution was going and were worried that countries like Great Britain, Holland, Spain, Austria, and Prussia were going the declare war on France. Like in the Great Fear this event goes along with article number 12 because the people should be protected by the military so they shouldn't have to worry so much.

Counterrevolution

1793

According to the text book it means, "a revolution against a government that was established by a revolution" or a revolution that started because of the effects of a different revolution. This even doesnt really relate to any articles unless the revolution is causing harm to society then this would relate to article 5.

Important napoleonic reforms

1793 - 1804

First there was the Reform Of Church-State Relations, and that was when there was an agreement with the pope where there was not a requirement that the people had to be Catholics. Second, Economic Reforms, this was when the bank of France had to regulate the economy, and have a more efficient tax collection system. Finally, Legal and Educational Reforms, this was where there was a code that made rules that were the same all across the country that only applied to males and promoted order and authority over individual rights.

Execution of louis XVI

January 21, 1793

The king was scheduled to die on the guillotine because of the National Convention convened the people to put him on trial and to prove that the monarchy was a bad idea. Before his was placed under the blade, he gave a speech but no one cared to listen to what he had to say. Once he was decapitated, one of the gards heald his head up for all to see. This event goes along with article 8 because that is talking about cruel and unusual punishments, and punishment are only given when nessesary and this kind of punishment wasnt nessesary.

Napoleon's rise to power

June 1793 - August 1793

Napoleon Bonaparte was a young man that went from being a army captain to being the ruler of France in just a couple of years by using the revolution to his advantage. This relates to article 3 a little bit because many thought that Napoleon exceeded his power.

Invasion of Russia

June 1812 - September 1812

This invasion occurred because Napoleon had placed his troops near the border, the leader of Russia go nervous and got more troop. Napoleon noticed this and didn’t like it so he decided to move his troops into Russia. There were about 600,000 men that crossed the Russian border with Napoleon but most of them were inexperienced causing many problems. This goes along with article 5, no harm to the society.

Exile to Elba

March 1814

Napoleon's enemies were starting to get hopeful and allied themselves against France. When the allies met France it was a clear defeat of Napoleon. This defeat forced Napoleon to give up his throne, he was allowed to keep the title of emperor even though his new empire was really small, it was an island called Elba and it was in the Mediterranean off the coast of Italy. This even sort of relates to article 17 in right to own land. Also ths relates to article 8 because Napoleon lost and had to face the consequesnces.

congress to vienna

November 1, 1814 - June 8, 1815

This was when there were hundreds of people that were meeting outside of Vienna to “create a plan to restore order and stability to Europe after the turmoil of the Napoleonic Wars” according to the textbook. Also allowed the diplomats’ plan to redraw the map of Europe. Article 11 can relate to this event because there is new maps being made which can go along with freedom of press.

Battle of Waterloo- june 18th, 1815

June 18 1815

This battle was between the French and the British. They met near Waterloo on a rainy day that ended up delaying the battle in the morning. But eventually the British defeated the French with little problem with the help from their allie Prussia by the end of the day. Both sides suffered many casualties with a total around 50,000 men. This battle was the ending of Napoleons military career and the Napoleonic Wars.