French Revolution

Main

Financial Crisis

1787

France was deeply in debt and the country was broke. This sparked the French revolution.

The great fear

1789

Description- After the storming of bastille fear was spread throughout the land.
Support- Fear does not relate to the constitution because it is in the mind and has nothing to do with the constitution. .

Tennis Court Oath

June 1789

Description- The declaration was basically a constitution just like americas. It laid out the basic principles of the french revolution. Documents/Articles stated that all men are born equal and remain equal before the law.
Support- Creation of the constitution supports the constitution.

Meeting of Estates-Generals

July 1789

In France, each estate had a representative. And in the spring of 1789 the representatives all met and debated about how much each estate should pay for taxes.

Declaration of the rights and man and citizen

August 1789

Description- The declaration was basically a constitution just like americas. It laid out the basic principles of the french revolution. Documents/Articles stated that all men are born equal and remain equal before the law.
Support- Creation of the constitution supports the constitution.

Creation of The National Assembly

1791

Description- This was the formation of the new French government. A legislative assembly was created and citizens got the right to vote.
Support- This supports article 1 in the constitution saying the everyone is born equal. And the people felt overpowered by the monarch so the new government will be more equal and give more power to the people.

Important Actions of the National Convention

1792 - 1795

Description- The national Convention created a public safety committee for the military.
Support- This supports article 2 in the constitution by saying the aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to opression.

National Convention

August 10, 1792

Description- A mob marched on the Tuileries Palace and slaughtered the guards. Louis and marie antoinette and the children were thrown into prison. The legislative Assembly felt powerless and it voted itself out of existence and called for a an election of a new legislature. The rule of the monarch was over and became a republic.
Support- This supports article 3 in the constitution saying that the power lies in the people and making this change puts more power in the people.

Counterrevolution

1793

Description- It was a revolution against a government that was established by a revolution.
Support- Has nothing to do with Constitution.

Execution of Louis

January 21,1793

Description- The king was executed by a guillotine and had his head cut off. He was killed because to prevent the return of the monarchy.
Support- This goes against the constitution in article 4 because it says liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else. And this is obviously hurting someone so this goes against article 4 of the french constitution.

Napoleons rise to power

June, 1793 - August, 1793

Description- Because of the French Revolution it gave him an opportunity to become powerful and a leader. Within a couple years he went from an army captain to the ruler of France.
Support- Has nothing to do with the constitution.

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

Description- The Reign of Terror was a period of violent times. Executions of important people such as King Louis and Marie Antoinette. Also was a violent period of time because the Girondins and the Jacobins were fighting. 16,594 people were killed by the guillotine.
Support- This did not support the constitution because it goes against article 2 which states part of mens rights is security.

Invasion of Russia

June, 1812 - September, 1812

Description- Napoleon and his army slowly moved through Russia and defeated the Russians. Moscow was destroyed.

Support- Supports articles 4. 11, and 12. All talk about freedom and having a war is protecting the freedom of France.

Exile to Elba

October, 1813

Description- After the invasion of Russia, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain allied themselves against France. Napoleon created army of inexperienced troops. In October the allies met Napoleons troops in Germany and France was defeated. Napoleon then surrendered and gave up his throne in France. He created a new empire on a small island named Elba.

Congress of Vienna

November, 1814 - June, 1815

Before Napoleon escaped to Elba 700 plus diplomats met from European countries to debate on how to restore Europe after the French Revolution. In this meeting they made new borders or countries, brought back some of the monarchies Napoleon defeated and gave new ideas to political systems.

Battle of Waterloo

June 15, 1815

Description- The french were defeated by the British and the Prussians.
Support- Has nothing to do with constitution.