France was having money troubles because of their borrowing of money just to spend on wars like the American Revolution. there was also a drought, which ruined the harvest.
All 3 estates meet together in Paris to talk about the voting process threatened the possibility of reforms. The nobility, The Church, and the common people. This was a meeting to discuss to propose solutions to the kings financial problems
a mob of Parisians went to the Bastille, an ancient prison, looking for weaponry. The French Government imprisoned people who spoke against the Monarchy. The mob tried to make a deal with the bastille commander for weapons, but failed. the mob became angry and killed the commander and stuck the head on a stick
while all 3 estates were meeting, the 3rd got moody and didnt listen to the King, and broke away, and proclaimed themselves as a the National Assembly. they then had to start to meet at the tennis courts.
the third estate met in an indoor tennis court and they swore to now be called the Tennis Court Oath they couldn’t leave till they had made a Constitution for france.
After the fall of Bastille- Rumors were started about the king had hired foreign soldiers to punish the third estate. Because of this the peasants took revenge by destroying records listing feudal dues and rents and burned noble’s houses.
this laid out the basics of the French Revolution -- “liberty, equality, fraternity [brotherhood].” It was written by works of the English Bill of Rights, the American Declaration of Independence, and writings of Enlightenment philosophers. This stated that men were born equal and remain equal before the law.
won the battle against the foreign invaders.
a revolution against the government that was established by revolution
Louis began a speech proclaiming his innocence. he was put under the Guillotine.
Jacobin leader who took control of the National Convention, later instituted Reign of Terror, targeting those whose philosophies were different from his own.
He stepped up, gained control and called himself "first counsel", the effective, leader of France. with Napoleon at top, the Revolution ended, France then entered a 15 year military rule
Napoleon crowns himself Empire of France. Napoleon invades Spain.
600,00 men marched across the Russian border. but most were new recruits, July heat, and men being hungry slowed it down.
an easy defeat by napoleon. the allies entered Paris in triumph
The defeat at Waterloo put an ending to Napoleon's rule as Emperor and the end of his Hundred Days return from exile
a meeting to create a plan to restore order and stability to Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. Renew the map of Europe.