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Galileo Galilei

15 February 1564 - 8 January 1642

His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism.

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

26 August 1743 - 8 May 1794

He helped construct the metric system, put together the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature.

Claude Bernard

12 July 1813 - 10 February 1878

He was a French physiologist. He was the first to define the term milieu intérieur (now known as homeostasis, a term coined by Walter Bradford Cannon).

Rudolf Virchow

13 October 1821 - 5 September 1902

He was a German doctor, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist and politician, known for his advancement of public health.

Ernest Rutherford

30 August 1871 - 19 October 1937

was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.

5 major events in science

Geology

1669

Nicolas Steno begins the modern study of Geology.

Systema Naturae

1735

it was one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carolus Linnaeus and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy. Although the system, now known as binomial nomenclature, was partially developed by the Bauhin brothers, Gaspard and Johann, 200 years earlier,

photometry

1760

Photometry is a technique of astronomy concerned with measuring the flux, or intensity of an astronomical object's electromagnetic radiation.

magnesium(J.G. Gahn isolates )

1774

J.G. Gahn isolates discovered that Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12. Its common oxidation number is +2.

water turbine

1775

Pierre-Simon Girard invents water turbine that a rotary engine that takes energy from moving water.
Water turbines were developed in the 19th century and were widely used for industrial power prior to electrical grids.

5 major medical scientists

Roger Bacon

1214 - 1294

Roger Bacon invents spectacles. (scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis, meaning "wonderful teacher"), was an English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods.

Giacomo Pylarini

1659 - 1718

Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations .

Claudius Aymand

1681 - 1740

Claudius Aymand performs the first successful appendectomy.Claudius Aymand (c. 1681, Paris – 7 July 1740) was a French born English surgeon who in 1735 performed the first recorded successful appendectomy.

James Lind

4 October 1716 - 13 July 1794

James Lind publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy stating that citrus fruits prevent scurvy.

Edward Jenner

17 May 1749 - 26 January 1823

Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccine for any disease.

5 major medical events

human anatomy

1514

Modern medicine began in 1543 with the publication of the first complete textbook of human anatomy, "De Humanis Corporis Fabrica" by Andreas Vesalius (-1564).

X-Ray

1895

On 8 Nov, 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (accidentally) discovered an image cast from his cathode ray generator, projected far beyond the possible range of the cathode rays (now known as an electron beam).

Vitamins - Production Methods

1905

In 1905, the first scientist to determine that if special factors (vitamins) were removed from food disease occurred, was Englishmen, William Fletcher. Doctor Fletcher was researching the causes of the disease Beriberi when he discovered that eating unpolished rice prevented Beriberi and eating polished rice did not.

Band-Aid

1921

Earle Dickson was employed as a cotton buyer for the Johnson & Johnson when he invented the band-aid in 1921. His wife Josephine Dickson was always cutting her fingers in the kitchen while preparing food.

Smart Pill

1992

The name of smart pill now refers to any pill that can deliver or control its delivery of medicine without the patient having to take action beyond the initial swallow.

history

Thirty Year's War

1618 - 1648

Franco-German War

1870 - 1871

first world war

1914

World war I

1914 - 1918

World War II

1939

history (science)

Civil War

1861

second world war

1939

second world war

1939 - 1945

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

Trojan War

1997

history scientist

French-Indian War

1754 - 1767

civil war

1861

first world war

1914

War of the Austrian Succession

1940 - 1948

Vietnam War

1975

history (medical event)

Civil War

1850

Civil war

1861

Greco-Turkish War

1919 - 1922

second world war

1939

War on vitamins

2008