His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism.
He helped construct the metric system, put together the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature.
He was a French physiologist. He was the first to define the term milieu intérieur (now known as homeostasis, a term coined by Walter Bradford Cannon).
He was a German doctor, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist and politician, known for his advancement of public health.
was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.
Nicolas Steno begins the modern study of Geology.
it was one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carolus Linnaeus and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy. Although the system, now known as binomial nomenclature, was partially developed by the Bauhin brothers, Gaspard and Johann, 200 years earlier,
Photometry is a technique of astronomy concerned with measuring the flux, or intensity of an astronomical object's electromagnetic radiation.
J.G. Gahn isolates discovered that Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12. Its common oxidation number is +2.
Pierre-Simon Girard invents water turbine that a rotary engine that takes energy from moving water.
Water turbines were developed in the 19th century and were widely used for industrial power prior to electrical grids.
Roger Bacon invents spectacles. (scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis, meaning "wonderful teacher"), was an English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods.
Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations .
Claudius Aymand performs the first successful appendectomy.Claudius Aymand (c. 1681, Paris – 7 July 1740) was a French born English surgeon who in 1735 performed the first recorded successful appendectomy.
James Lind publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy stating that citrus fruits prevent scurvy.
Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccine for any disease.
Modern medicine began in 1543 with the publication of the first complete textbook of human anatomy, "De Humanis Corporis Fabrica" by Andreas Vesalius (-1564).
On 8 Nov, 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (accidentally) discovered an image cast from his cathode ray generator, projected far beyond the possible range of the cathode rays (now known as an electron beam).
In 1905, the first scientist to determine that if special factors (vitamins) were removed from food disease occurred, was Englishmen, William Fletcher. Doctor Fletcher was researching the causes of the disease Beriberi when he discovered that eating unpolished rice prevented Beriberi and eating polished rice did not.
Earle Dickson was employed as a cotton buyer for the Johnson & Johnson when he invented the band-aid in 1921. His wife Josephine Dickson was always cutting her fingers in the kitchen while preparing food.
The name of smart pill now refers to any pill that can deliver or control its delivery of medicine without the patient having to take action beyond the initial swallow.