The Holocaust


Heinrich Himmler ordered for the camp called Auschwitz to be built

April 27, 1940

Auschwitz I was added

May, 1940

Auschwitz II (Auschwitz-Birkenau) was added

Mar. 1942

Auschwitz III (Auschwitz-Monowitz) was added

Oct. 1942

In Nov. 1943, the Nazis made Auschwitz II and Auschwitz III into separate camps

Nov. 1943

Auschwitz II was reunited with Auschwitz I, but Auschwitz III became Monowitz

Nov. 1944


Millions of Jews were confined to a small area of the city

Sept. 1939

The ghetto was sealed off, and nobody was allowed to leave

November 1940

Heinrich Himmler ordered that the Jews in Warsaw be sent to camps

July 1942

Nazis entered the ghetto to transfer them to camps, but were attacked

Jan. 18, 1943

The Jewish Combat Organization, or ZOB, attacked the Nazis. The fight lasted for several days until the Germans fled, they didn't send people back for months.

People of the Jewish ghetto staged a revolt against the Nazis.

April 19, 1943 - May 16, 1943


SS General Eicke proposed to move Lichtenburg to Thuringia

June 3, 1936

Lichtenburg is a concentration camp

The field of Ettersberg was chosen

May 5, 1937

The inmates increased to 300 to 1,000

July 1937

The first prisoners arrived at the camp

July 16, 1937

The camp's name was changed to Buchenwald Concentration Camp

August 6, 1937

The previous name was Konzentrationslager Ettersberg

The amount of inmates changed to 8,634 by the end of Sept.

September 1939