Each Greek town had a Greek Acropolis. It served as a military fort. The Parthenon was built on top of the Acropolis hill.
Pericles built the Parthenon. He sadly died of the Plague.
He was a conqueror and he spread greek knowledge.
Sophocles was one of the greatest writers of tragedy. Without Sophocles, there would have been no Shakespeare.
Pliny the Elder was an author and a philosipher. He wrote 37 volumes to Natural History.