WC2 Unit One


Peace of Augsburg


80 Years' War

1568 - 1648

Dutch War against Spain

Battle of Lepanto


Pope, Spain, and Venetians defeat Turks.
Turks' navy destroyed, lose all experienced sailors.
Clear turning point for Ottoman Empire, who starts going downhill from this battle.

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

August 24, 1572

French soldiers kill Huguenots in Paris, who were gathered for a royal wedding.

Edict of Nantes


enacted by Henry IV, king of France. Granted Huguenots limited religious toleration, but they had to meet in designated places at designated times.


Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

King of England

Charles V Reign

1519 - 1556

Holy Roman Emperor
King of Italy
King of Spain

Ferdinand I

1531 - 1564

Holy Roman Emperor

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

king of England
became king at age 9.
strong protestant
died age 15.

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Queen of England.
Nicknamed "Bloody Mary" for her persecution of Protestants.
Married Phillip II of Spain.

Phillip II

1556 - 1598

King of Spain

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Queen of England