The Key Events of Australian Federation
The First Fleet from England under Arthur Phillip arrives at Sydney Cove.
Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of the continent.
A settlement in Tasmania is founded.
Matthew Flinders calls New South Wales (Australia's old name) Australia.
Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth cross the Blue Mountains.
Oxley begins charting the rivers of NSW.
A penal colony is founded at Moreton Bay, now the city of Brisbane.
The settlement of Perth is founded.
Sturt charts the Murray River.
The Victorian gold rush starts in Ballarat.
The Eureka Stockade.
The transportation of convicts to Australia ceases.
Overland Telegraph Line linking Darwin and Adelaide opens.
A severe depression hits Australia.
Australia becomes a federation on 1 January.