The Key Events of Australian Federation

1788-1901

Australian Federation

The First Fleet from England under Arthur Phillip arrives at Sydney Cove.

1788

Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of the continent.

1803

A settlement in Tasmania is founded.

1804

The Rum Rebellion.

1808

Recen

Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth cross the Blue Mountains.

1813

Matthew Flinders calls New South Wales (Australia's old name) Australia.

1813

Oxley begins charting the rivers of NSW.

1817

A penal colony is founded at Moreton Bay, now the city of Brisbane.

1824

The settlement of Perth is founded.

1829

Sturt charts the Murray River.

1830

The Victorian gold rush starts in Ballarat.

1851

The Eureka Stockade.

1854

The transportation of convicts to Australia ceases.

1868

Overland Telegraph Line linking Darwin and Adelaide opens.

1872

A severe depression hits Australia.

1891

Australia becomes a federation on 1 January.

1901