Federation Of Australia Timeline

Federation

1843

1843 - 1844

Governor Fitzroy of New South Wales makes the first noted suggestion of the need for an inter-colonial authority.

1863

1863 - 1864

First intercolonial conference held in Melbourne.

1883

1883 - 1884

Henry Parkes' proposal for a Federal Council agreed to by intercolonial conference in Sydney.

1885

1885 - 1886

British Parliament passes Federal Council of Australasia Act.

1889

1889 - 1890

Parkes' Tenterfield speech calling for constitutional convention.

1891

1891 - 1892

National Australasian Convention in Sydney drafts 'Bill to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia'.

1896

1896 - 1897

People's Federal Convention at Bathurst (NSW) provides forum for ordinary citizens to discuss the Constitution Bill of 1891.

1897-8

1897 - 1898

People's Federal Convention at Bathurst (NSW) provides forum for ordinary citizens to discuss the Constitution Bill of 1891.

1900

1900 - 1901

March - A delegation of Australians sent to London to negotiate enactment of the Bill.
05 July - British Parliament passes Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.
09 July - Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.
31 July - Western Australia votes to join the federation.
29 October - Queen Victoria issued Letters Patent constituting the Office of Governor-General and also presents the Letters Patent to Australia's first Governor-General, Lord Hopetoun.
17 September - Queen Victoria issued a Royal Proclamation which declared: On and after 1 January 1901, the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania and Western Australia shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.

1901 (Federation Year)

1901 - 1902

01 January - an official ceremony inaugurates the Commonwealth of Australia.
20 March - the first federal elections are held.
09 May - the first Commonwealth Parliament meets at the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne.