Major US Drug Legislation

Main

San Francisco Ordinance

1875

opium dens banned; larger opium dens closed and smaller, less obvious ones opened in its place

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906

required ingredients on packaging

Harrison Narcotics Act

1914

regulated legal supply of drugs

Prohibition

1920 - 1933

started with 18th amendment; repealed with 21st amendment

Federal Bureau of Narcotics established

1930

Now called the Drug Enforcement Administration

Marijuana Tax Act of 1937

1937

regulated weed; didnt ban it

Opium Poppy Control Act

1942

regulated opium; had to pay a fee to grow or possess it

Narcotic Control Act

1956

Drug Abuse Control Amendment

1965

non narcotics (stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens) regulated

Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act

1966

Controlled Substances Act

1970

instead of being classified by drug action, drugs are now classified by medical use, potential for abuse, and likelihood of dependence

Federal Bureau of Narcotics becomes the Drug Enforcement Administration

1973

Emergency Scheduling Act

1984

Anti Drug Abuse Act

1986

Controlled Substances Analogue Enforcement Act

1986

allowed for the immediate classification of a substance as a controlled substance

Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act

1988

controls distribution of particular chemicals and other equipment needed for the preparation of illegal drugs

Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act

1996

restricts access to chemicals to make methamphetamine; monitors purchases of preparation chemicals; increases penalties for possession of chemicals or equipment used in production of methamphetamine; increase penalties for trafficking and manufacturing methamphetamine

Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act

2000

Illicit Drug Anti-Proliferation Act

2003

Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act

2006

Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act

2009

FDA regulates manufacture, marketing, and sale of tobacco products (banned candy flavored cigarettes; banned marketing of cigarettes as "light", "mild", and "low tar"; stronger warnings)