Adolf Hitler set the press the task, to prepare the german people for a very long war.
Italy declares neutrality in the German/Poland conflict.
The ocean liner S.S. Athenia is torpedoed by the German U-boat U30. Over 112 civilians died at sea, 69 women, 16 children and 28 men. America and Canada were popular destinations, trying to escape from War.
Russian troops invade eastern Poland.
The Netherlands surrenders to Nazi Germany at Rijsoord. General Winkelmann signs the Dutch surrender. Seys-Inquart Government Commissioner of the Netherlands, numbers of losses after 4 days war: 2890 killed; 6889 wounded; 29 missing.
One of Guderian's divisions is forty miles beyond the river and still advancing west.
Norway troops surrenders. The Germans occupation of Norway is complete, but at some cost. The naval high command knows that the exercise has been a strategic failure and has depleted the resources.
During the night of 3 March, the English carried out a treacherous air-raid on the residential quarter of Paris, as a result of which more than 600 were killed and 1000 wounded. The British Government had the nerve to express their sympathy to the families of the victims of their cold blooded murder. The scale of the crime is incredible; entire streets are razed to the ground in the affected workers' quarter'.
Heavy losses are suffered by both sides in North Africa where a section of the Afrika Korps engages British 4th Armoured Brigade and 3rd Indian Motorised Brigade, north-east of Bir Hacheim. The Axis forces are now seriously short of fuel and water.
Convoy PQ-16 to Russia is attacked by Ju 88s and Heinkels and loses seven freighters. Worse damage will be prevented by the skill of Russian pilots who drive off attackers as the ships near their destination.
U.S. Marines land at Guadalcanal, the Solomon Islands. The American begin landings in the Solomons, troops gain footholds on Guadalcanal, Tulagi and Gavutu.
When the Guadalcanal campaign began, it was the first land offensive by the United States against any Axis power. It continued to be the only land offensive by the United States until the major Allied invasion of North Africa in November 1942.
First Allied attacks on Monte Cassino. The battle raged from 12 January till 18 May with heavy Allied losses. Allied Forces resume attacks at the run aground Italian front. Cassino formed the focal point of the Gustav Line, the strongest German defences south of Rome. A natural fortress consisting of a town on the slopes of a high mountain crowned by Benedictine Monastery and skirted to the south by three rivers, Cassino had to be captured by the Allies in order to gain access to the Liri Valley, the so-called 'gateway to Rome.' The battle raged from 17 January until 18 May, often in appalling wet and cold weather with heavy Allied losses. Eventually, the Germans evacuated the town, and the monastery was finally stormed by Polish troops.
The world's first atomic bomb (Uranium), Little Boy, is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, from the Enola Gay, a B-29 bomber piloted by Colonel Tibbets of the 509th Composite Group, the first military unit in the history to drop a nuclear bomb in combat. One minute after explosion were 66.000 killed and 69.000 wounded