Early Missionaries set up schools for Maori to teach literacy and practical skills. Incl. English.
Free Basic Education System
Early settler education sparse was not compulsory usually supported through the church. Private Schools for the wealthy. 1852-1876 Provincial governments began to support schools. Central Govt. set up a Native school system. Only half of the school-aged children were attending (Te-Ara, 2012)
Free compulsory education for ages 7-13. Law required them to attend half, many parents still prefer to have their children working as soon as possible. So, attendance still low.
1886 - 1905
Demand for secondary schools due to the need for higher qualifications to get a job (Industrial Revolution, incr. middle class, cities growing and jobs in demand)
1903 - Hogben free places for all children who have passed Proficiency
1905 - Technical Schools, children from urban working class families. Free training for a Certificate of Competency. Meeting the educational needs of different groups of society
Debate over the Leaving Age
1901 - 1914
Reform of Bill, Age increased to 14 with standard five exemption clause. From 1914 could only be exempted if they were over 13 and have a Certificate of Proficiency. Encouraging parents to value education and provide students with an opportunity to succeed.
Growth in Secondary State Education
1900 there were 2,792 pupils at secondary schools.
1909 the total was 7,063, including 2,207 students at technical high schools.
Secondary education was becoming more accessible and relatable for families leading to increase of attendance.
2000 - 2009
Growth of Wananga (Tertiary) Kohanga reo (preschool) Kura Kaupapa (schools). Out of a need to increase the competency of Maori language, culture, and identity.