The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from the 16th of July to the 2nd of August 1945. Nations that participated were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The three nations were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and, later, and President Truman. They gathered to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of war. At the Potsdam Conference, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel between North and South Korea with the idea that North Korea would be Communist, and the South Korea would be Capitalist. The hope was that at one point the country would be united as one.