The Toronto Typographical Union strike and the Trade Unions Act, 1872
1872 - 1894
This event is when 10,000 members came together to strike in 1872 to demand a shorter work week. 24 members are arrested due to the fact that union activity is a crime. Then in 1894, parliament passed a bill that then legalizes unions.
Royal Commission on the Relations of Labour and Capital
The Royal Commission notes that there was an over abundance of workers being hurt on the job. It went against extremely intense working conditions that a lot of industries had. It then gave suggestions on how to approve it.
The Conciliation Act of 1900
This act established acted as a voluntary mediator to a labour dispute, this then became the reason for the creation of the Labour Department. This dept. is meant to help prevent and settle future trade disputes. Before this it was handled by the postmaster general.
Workers Compensation Act
Ontario was the first country to implement a social insurance plan with this act. Before this was brought into action, the only way for people to receive anything was to sue their employers. Then as the lawsuits steadily began to increase, they decided to make an insurance plan to cover these incidents.
Wartime Labour Relations, order-in-council P.C. 1003
P.C. 1003 establishes provisions on the certification of unions, the legal duty for both parties to enter into good-faith collective bargaining, and prohibitions. So in short, giving the people a chance to refute any unfair labour practices. The order is abolished at the close of the war, but similar provincial legislation is enacted across the country in 1948.
Federal Public Service Staff Relations Act
Postal workers in 1967 went against government policies and staged a country wide strike. This was for them to obtain the right to strike, get higher wages and better management. The government honoured this except for RCMP and the military.
Common Front, Quebec
200,000 union members from governments, educations and social services came together to strike. It lasted for 10 days and three union presidents were arrested and legislation that made employees go back to work.
Occupational Health Act, Saskatchewan
This legislation was the first of its kind in North America. It gave workers the following rights:
- The right to know about hazards and dangers in the workplace.
- The right to participate in health and safety issues through a workplace committee.
- The right to refuse unsafe work.
Supreme Court of Canada's ruling on Bill 29
The Supreme Court of Canada rules that the British Columbia government violated Charter rights when it introduced legislation that would unfairly affect its unionized health-care and social services employees. The court then decided and ruled to reverse 20 years of Charter legislation on workplace rights.