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Autism Spectrum Disorder
Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler first uses the term "Autism".
Leo Kanner uses the term "autism" to describe children with emotional or social problems
Bruno Bettelheim coins the refrigerator mother theory
1950 - 1959
Treatments included LSD, electric shock, and behavioral change techniques
1960 - 1979
The latter relied on pain and punishment.
The Autistic Children's Aid Society of North London is formed (later becomes The National Autistic Society)
Lee Felsenstein, who was later diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome, creates the first electronic bulletin board
Behavioral therapy and controlled learning environments became primary treatments.
1980 - 1999
Emergence of special education programs for children with autism
A CDC / ADDM report states that autism prevalence has increased to 1 in 110
Autism spectrum disorders classified in DSM-V
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