When the Germans invaded Poland on 1 September 1939 the world went to war for the second time in 27 years.
Hitler predicts in a speech to the “Reichstag” that a war in Europe would lead to “the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe”:"The destruction of the Jews. Japanese troops occupy Hainan Island.
The Lend-Lease bill is introduced in the U.S. Congress.
Heavy German attacks by dive-bombers on British convoys to Malta (in Sicilian channel) results in loss of ‘Southampton’ and damage to ‘Illustrious. After successfull fight in North-Africa, British troops were sent to East-Africa with Indian and South Afican (from Kenya) forces invade Abessinie, Eritrea and Somaliland and dislodge the Italians. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini hold a conference at Berghof. Battle of Beda Fomm
The Battle of Beda Fomm was a catastrophic Italian defeat at the hands of the British during the North African Campaign. The battle took place near Beda Fomm, 190 km south of Benghazi on the Libyan coast road. Elements of the British 7th Armoured Division had cut across the desert and set up a road block in which the retreating 10th Italian Army was ambushed. Over 25.000 prisoners, 100 tanks, 216 guns, and 1.500 other vehicles were captured. Although the Allied force now lacks serviceable vehicles and has suffered 555 dead and 1.400 wounded, its modest numbers have decimated an Italian group 5 times larger.
Day raid on St.Nazaire. Beginning of series of raids on Ruhr. Opening of 4-day air attack on Japanese convoy off New Guinea.Russia requires surrender German 6th Army.
Begin of the liquidation of German troops in Stalingrad of troops from Armygroup “Don front”, General Rokossowky. Fighting during the battle of Stalingrad was bitter and exhausting. German force surrender at Stalingrad, Soviet Union.
Operation ’Bodenplatte’. In Europe Allied air forces operating from airfields in Holland, Belgium and northern France are surprised by a sudden attack by more than 800 diverse aircraft which the Luftwaffe has assembled from all possible locations, despite their loss of 50 many in recent weeks. The motley collection is flown by novices who are led to their targets by the few remaining skilled pilots. The Allies lose 300 aircraft but can replace these quickly; the Luftwaffe count is just over 200. These, and their pilots, are irreplaceable and the action has rendered the Luftwaffe almost powerless in the west. Communistic “Comité of Lublin” provisional Government in Polen, for the time being. World War II was a war of mass armies. For the USSR and Germany take in account at least 6 million (USSR) and 4 million (Germany) more served before becoming casualties.Veteran Belt buckles-NavyThe Nuremberg Trials begin with 21 leading Nazi officials in the dock including Goering, Donitz, Raeder, Jodl and Keitel. The event discloses to the world the horror of the Nazi regime; Rudolf Hess, who had been an SS- Obergruppenfuhrer, gives appalling details of the systematic mass murder at Auschwitz. The trails continue until October 1946.