The league of nations was established to bring together a group of representatives from different countries to try to resolve any international disputes. Their first meeting was held at Geneva, Switzerland.
During the second world war, the league of nations proved to be a weak organisation.
The Locarno pacts are signed
16th October 1925
These pacts were signed between Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and Germany.
The Locarno pact had three main aims, one of them being the gradual inclusion of Germany into the League of Nations by using negotiations.
Germany Reichtag passes the enabling act
Hitler gained absolute power. The center party voted for Hitler because they were confident that he would do the right thing and stick to what he said that he would do, but after he was given absolute power, he went against a lot of things that he said he would do.
Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany
30th January 1933
President Paul von Hindenburg made Hitler the leader of the Nazi party. At first, Hindenburg refused to make Hitler chancellor of Germany because he was intimidated by how popular Hitler was becoming with a lot of the people.
Invasion of Abyssinia
October 1935 - May 1936
Nazi Germany and fascist Italy were brought together after the invasion of Abyssinia. To the people, the invasion showed that the League of Nations was weak, and not capable of resolving international disputes effectively.
Spanish Civil War
17th July 1936 - 1st April 1939
Many people within the country rebelled against the republican government of Spain, and were supported by Nazi Germany and fascist Italy. These rebels were called Nationalists. They tried to overthrow the republic and gain control over the whole country, but their first military attempt failed, resulting in civil war.
9th November 1938 - 10th November 1938
The Kristallnacht is the name of the time period where the Nazi's killed up to 100 Jewish people. They torched synagogues, stormed Jewish houses, schools and businesses. They arrested 30 thousand men who were sent off to concentration camps.
The Nazi-Soviet Pact
23 August 1939
Nazi Germany and the Soviet-Union signed a non-aggression pact declaring that they would not take any military action against one another for the next ten years. Shortly afterwards, world war II broke out and surprised a huge number of people.
The invasion of Poland
1st September 1939 - 6th October 1939
1.5 million Germans invaded Poland. Hitler told Britain and France that it was a defense action, but they did not believe him and declared war on Germany on the 3rd of September. This was the event that lead to the second world war.
Benito Mussolini is made Italian Premier
28th April 1945
Benito Mussolini was the youngest person to become premier in the history of Italy. He lead the country as a fascist country, and gained lots of power for himself and his fascist regime.