The government began to realize The Great Leap Forward wasn’t going to plan.
Famine was created as peasants weren’t given any food and all their produce was taken from them.
The 'Three Bad Years of Famine'
January 1, 1959 - December 31, 1961
Thirty million died because of the famine.
Mao & CPC Power
Mao founds the Peoples Republic of China
October 1, 1949
Mao, leading the CPC (Chinese Communist Party), founds the Peoples Republic of China.
Thought Reform Campaign
Run by the Communist Party, the Thought Reform Campaign set out to teach the people about 'Maoism' and begin to think of him almost as a god.
First Five Year Plan
January 1, 1953 - December 31, 1957
Hundred Flowers Campaign
May 26, 1956 - June 8, 1957
The Hundred Flowers Campaign was an opportunity for the public to voice their opinions on the runnings of the government. As the public voices became more and more negative, the campaign came to an end and the anti-rightist movement began. The movement was an attempt to stop negative voices about the government.
Founding of the First People's Commune
First group of Red Guard's emerge
Mao's "Little Red Book" published for mass readership
Officially titled "Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung; the book's purpose was to teach everyone of Mao's ways. It was distributed to every corner of China.
Deng Xiaoping resumes duties as Vice-Premier
March 29, 1973
Hua Guofeng becomes leader
Before his death, Mao sent Hua a note informing him ‘With you in charge, I am at ease.’ Mao wanted Hua in charge because his wife was an extremist and would be harmful to the county. Hua’s leadership proved only to be provisional.
Mao died in 1976
September 9, 1976
Gang of Four Arrested
October 6, 1976
Deng Xiaoping becomes ‘Paramount Leader’
In a party meeting, the Third Plenum of the Central Committee, Deng came to overpower Hua to take over the CPC leadership. He used his extensive political contacts and image of someone who has been through the tough times to force Hua out. He announced himself ‘Paramount Leader’ as opposed to ‘Chairman Deng’ to space himself from Mao.
The Four Modernisations officially launched by Deng
The Four Modernisations were areas where Deng industrial development was required to improve China's economy. Although the idea of the Four Modernisations had been around for over a decade, Deng was the first to transform it into a real plan, when he launched it at the Third Plenum of the 11th Central Committee.
Trial of the Gang of Four
Although originally sentenced to death, the Gang of Four then had their sentences downgraded to life imprisonment. Jiang Qing committed suicide in her jail cell in 1991.
The Cultural Revolution
The Cultural Revolution
May 1965 - December 31, 1976
Term "The Four Olds" created
August 19, 1966
The Four Olds, being ideas, culture, customs and habits, were seen as parts of Chinese culture that must be removed for communism to succeed. This began shortly after the beginning of The Cultural Revolution.
Mao declares the The Cultural Revolution has come to an end
Despite Mao offically declaring the Revolution finished, it is considered to have continued until Mao's death and the Gang of Four's arrest.
Foreign Relations & War
China signs a treaty with the Soviet Union
February 14, 1950
Chinese troops move into Korea
Ceasefire in Korean War
July 1, 1954
China cuts relations with USSR
Chinese Government declares the USA and Soviet Union as imperialists and enemies
Shanghai Communiqué signed between USA & PRC
February 28, 1972
During Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China, talks were held and the Shanghai Communiqué was signed. The Shanghai Communiqué was a document containing information on USA - PRC relations and how they will be normalised. One issue they didn't come to agree on was the PRC's position on Taiwan.