Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany
Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service
Germany invades the Soviet Union
Allied troops land on the beaches of Salerno near Naples.
Allied troops liberate Rome. Within six weeks, Anglo-American bombers could hit targets in eastern Germany for the first time.
British and US troops successfully land on the Normandy beaches of France, opening a “Second Front” against the Germans.
Finland concludes an armistice with the Soviet Union, leaving the Axis partnership.
Partisan units, led by Yugoslav Communist leader Josip Tito, capture Zagreb and topple the Ustasa regime. The top Ustasa leaders flee to Italy and Austria.
The Soviets launch their final offensive, encircling Berlin.
Hitler commits suicide.
Germany surrenders to the Soviets.