Thomas Wedgewood and Sir Humphrey Davy wrote a paper about copying a paintings on glass using silver nitrate, which is still a component of photography today. Wedgewood and Davy were able to make images, but were not able to stop the images from turning black. They had to store them in dark places to try to preserve them.
British army attacks Washington and burns the capitol and the Library of Congress
1820 - 1840
French inventor known as the creator of photography. He invented Heliography, the world's oldest surviving photography process. The process was a print from a photoengraved plate. Neipce also partnered with Daguerre, so that they could find a way to create a permanent photography process.
Earliest Surviving Photograph
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. Image made on a rectangular piece of pewter.
Henry Fox Talbot
1835 - 1839
The window. As one of the two original photography inventors, Fox Talbot is a huge influence on photographs from the past and today. His invention was called a 'calotype'. It is taken in a negative and turned into a positive to get a better and clearer image. He did not actually announce his invention until 1839, but he had taken this photograph years before.
Louis-Jaque Mande Daguerre
Boulevard du Temple Paris. This is believed to be the first photograph of a human being. Mande Daguerre is one of the two french inventors of photography. He invented the specific type of Daguerre photography after his own work. The photographs taken by him had very long exposures, so it is surprising that it captured a human at all.
Early Camera Design
Susse Frere Daguerreotype. Early cameras were quite simply boxes with some form of lens to focus the light at the back of the box.
From one image, multiple copies of a singular negative can be made. The copies can also be retouched, making calotype the preferred method for scientists. This is a direct technology from the daguerreotype photography style.
Sir John Herschel. Combines scientific exactitude and aesthetic sensitivity to form a presentation. One-to-one presentation of the form, by laying on sensitive paper. This is used for biological photography and art.
Anna Atkins used the cyanotype method to create prints and photographs of the outlines of plants and biological items. Her first book was "Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions". This is widely considered to be the first photographic book.
The Open Door
Henry Fox Talbot. Talbot thought this was an example of a new kind of emerging art. The open door is a photograph of daily life, but could have many metaphorical meanings, for example, it could be a symbol for transition.
The Pencil of Nature
Henry Fox Talbot's book of his own photography. This was the first book using silver gelatin photographs.
Photographer Augustus Washington took this portrait of Abolitionist John Brown using daguerreotype photography. This was the beginning of portraiture, and the photos were normally very stiff and posed due to the long exposure times. Backdrops and props were used most of the time to increase interest.
Jack, Born on the Coast of Guinea
Daguerreotype of slaves on a plantation. Made for Louis Agassiz, a series for study about study of races. Photographer J.T Zealy.
The Collodion Process
Frederick Scott Archer invented the wet-collodion process of photography. It is a process of adding iodide to collodion, and coating a glass plate with the mixture. This was used to sensitize photographs to light before putting them into silver nitrate.
1853 - 1856
First war that photography was present.
1853 - 1856
Early war photographer Roger Fenton took some of the first ever war photographs in the Crimean War. The photo below is Fenton's Valley of the Shadow of Death.
Henry Peach Robinson
Young woman dying captured by Henry Peach Robinson using the combination printing technique. The photograph is titled "fading away". Oscar Reijlander was the inspiration for his type of photography.
Photograph of child Alice Liddell, taken by Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll), widely known for his book Alice in Wonderland.
Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin published his book "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection".
Best known Civil War photographer. Brady photographed a portrait president Abraham Lincoln in 1860.
American Civil War
1861 - 1865
Emancipation Proclamation issued
"The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals"
Photographer Oscar Rejlander created this series for Charles Darwin's scientific research on mental health.