Taxation and Mercantalism

The economic system used to increase the economic a nation's wealth through maximizing imports and tariffs .


Albany Plan for the Union

July 10, 1754

Plan to put the colonies under a more centralized government. It was first made to help the colonies protect themselves during the French and Indian War.

French and Indian War (Seven Years War)

1756 - 1763

War that put Britain into a so much debt that they needed to tax the colonies greatly. Started the hostility between Britain and the Colonies.

Treaty of Paris


This treaty gave a lot of French land to Britain. It also removed a threat from the colonists. This made the colonists and Britain grow farther apart.

Proclamation of 1763

October 7, 1763

This proclamation after the French and Indian war angered the colonists because it stopped their western expansion.

Quartering Act


The quartering act angered colonists because they were afraid of standing armies and the cost was high.

Stamp Act

March 22, 1765

The actual cost was small but it opened the way for more taxes if left unrestrained. It was the first tax done to raise money.

Declatory Act

March 18, 1766

Britain had the power to make laws over America like it did to Britain.

Townshend Acts


It put a tax on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. The colonists boycotted English goods again. This led to the Boston Massacre.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

A mob of Americans attacked a British squadron and the British fired and killed some of the Americans.

Tea act

May 10, 1773

The tea act made a monopoly on tea. The colony saw this as taxation without representation so the colony boycotted the tea.

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

Massachusetts Patriots protested the monopoly on tea and dumped some into the harbor.

Intolerable Acts


Response to Boston Tea Party.
Boston Port Act
Massachusetts Government Act
Administration of Justice Act
Quartering Act
Quebec Act
Led to 1st continental congress

First Contintental Congress

September 5, 1774 - October 26, 1774

Delegates met to discuss the rights of Americans, show British violation, and make a plan for Britain to follow those rights.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

The start of the Revolutionary War. “The British are coming! The British are coming!”

2nd continental congress

May 10, 1775

The 2nd continental congress made a continental army led by George Washington. They also made the Olive Branch Petition.

Olive Branch Petition

July 8, 1775

It was an attempt to assert the colonists’ rights to King George while staying loyalty to the British Crown. King George rejected it and called it an act of rebellion.

Thomas Paine writes Common Sense


He challenged the authority of Britain and was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain.

Declaration of Independence

July 4,1776

Thomas Jefferson wrote a declaration that the thirteen American colonies want independence from Britain.

Articles of Confedertation

March 1, 1781 - March 4, 1789

First attempt at constitutional law in the now free America. #FAILURE