History of Finland

Swedish period

Founding of the city of Turku

1309

Peace of Nöteborg divides Finland between Sweden and Novgorod

1323

Founding of Helsinki

1550

Uppsala Decree formally establishes Lutheranism in the Swedish kingdom

1593

Crop failures and epidemics decimate Finland's population by a third

1695 - 1697

The War of Finland

1808 - 1809

Russian period

Porvoo Diet-Emperor Alexander I of Russia confirms Finland's laws and religion

1809

Annexation of Finland to Russian Empire

1809

Helsinki named Finland's new capital

1812

Language Rescript makes Finnish co-official with Swedish

1863

February Manifesto reduces Finland's autonomy

1899

Creation of unicameral Parliament

1906

Independent period

Parliament approves declaration of independence from Russia

December 6, 1917

Civil War

January 1918 - May 1918

Parliament ratifies republican constitution

July 1919

The Finnish-Soviet Winter War

1939 - 1940

Finland signs Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance with USSR

1948

Finland becomes a member of the United Nations and the Nordic Council

1955

Finland joins European Union

1995

New constitution

2000