AP World Timeline: Period 1

The First Humans

1st Stage of Early Human Development

4,000,000 BCE - 1,000,000 BCE

Hominids: 2 legged primates, include all humans, Australopithecus, opposable thumbs, homo habilis "man of skills", within africa

Paleolithic Age

2,500,000 BCE - 8,000 BCE

Old Stone Age

2st Stage of Early Human Development

1,500,000 BCE - 250,000 BCE

includes homo erectus, 2 migration theories: 1)radiation 2) parallel evolution

3rd Stage of Early Human Development

250,000 BCE - 30,000 BCE

includes homo sapiens: 1) neanderthals 2) cro-magnons

Homo Sapiens

200,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

includes Neanderthals & cro-magnons

Neanderthals (Homo Sapiens)

200,000 BCE - 30,000 BCE

evolved in brain structure; less than cro-magnons

The Last Ice Age

70,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

caused all Neanderthals to die out

Cro-Magnons (Homo Sapiens)

40,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

bigger brains; more sophisticated language; replaced others in ice age

4th Stage of Early Human Development

30,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

all cro-magnons by now

Neolithic Age

10,000 BCE - 4,000 BCE

New Stone Age

Agricultural Revolution

8000 BCE - 5000 BCE

Early Societies in SW Asia + Indo-European Migrations

Agricultural Revolution

8000 BCE - 5000 BCE

Era of Sumerian dominance in Mesopotamia

3200 BCE - 2350 BCE

Era of Indo-European migrations

3000 BCE - 1000 CE

Phoenicians

3000 BCE - 1400 BCE

Era of Babylonian dominance in Mesopotamia

2350 BCE - 1600 BCE

Reign of Sargon of Akkad

2334 BCE - 2315 BCE

Reign of Hammurabi

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

Era of Hittite dominance in Anatolia

1700 BCE - 1200 BCE

Hebrews

1300 BCE - 722 BCE

Reign of Israelite King David

1000 BCE - 970 BCE

Era of Assyrian dominance in Mesopotamia

1000 BCE - 612 BCE

Reign of Israelite King Solomon

970 BCE - 930 BCE

Assyrian conquest of the Kingdom of Israel

722 BCE

Reign of Nebuchadnezzar

605 BCE - 562 BCE

Chaldean empire

New Babylonian empire

600 BCE - 550 BCE

Chaldean empire

New Babylonian conquest by Kingdom of Judah

586 BCE

Early African Societies & the Bantu Migrations

Origins of Sudanic Herding

9000 BCE

Agricultural Revolution

8000 BCE - 5000 BCE

Origins of Sudanic Cultivation

7500 BCE

Unification of Egypt

3100 BCE

Archaic Period of Egyptian history

3100 BCE - 2660 BCE

Archaic Period of Egyptian history

3100 BCE - 2660 BCE

Egypt: Old Kingdom

2660 BCE - 1450 BCE

Era of Pyramid Building in Egypt

2600 BCE - 2500 BCE

Early Kingdom of Kush

2500 BCE - 1450 BCE

w/ capital @ Kush

Egyptian Middle Kingdom

2040 BCE - 1640 BCE

Beginnings of Bantu Migrations

2000 BCE

Egyptian New Kingdom

1550 BCE - 1070 BCE

Reign of Pharaoh Tuthmosis III

1479 BCE - 1425 BCE

Reign of Queen Hatshepsut

1473 BCE - 1458 BCE

co-ruler with Tuthmosis III

Reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (Akten)

1353 BCE - 1335 BCE

Invention of iron metallurgy in Sub-Saharan Africa

900 BCE

Conquest of Egypt by King Kashta of Kush

760 BCE

Early Socieities in South Asia

Beginnings of agriculture in South Asia

8000 BCE - 7000 BCE

Agricultural Revolution

8000 BCE - 5000 BCE

High point of Harappan Society

2500 BCE - 2000 BCE

Beginnings of Harappan Decline

1900 BCE

Beginning of Aryan migrations to India

1500 BCE

Vedic Age

1500 BCE - 500 BCE

Compostion of Rig Veda

1400 BCE - 900 BCE

Early Aryan Migrations into Ganges River valley

1000 BCE

Emergence of verma distinctions

1000 BCE

Formations of regional kingdoms in Northern India

1000 BCE - 500 BCE

Compositions of principal Upanshads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

Establishment of first Aryan cities in Ganges valley

750 BCE

Early Aryan migrations to Deccan plateau

500 BCE

Early Societies in East Asia

Yangshao Society

5000 BCE - 3000 BCE

Xia dynasty

2200 BCE - 1766 BCE

Shang dynasty

1766 BCE - 1122 BCE

Zhou dynasty

1122 BCE - 256 BCE

Period of the Warring States

403 BCE - 221 BCE

Early Societies in the Americas & Oceania

Human migration of Australia and New Guinea

60000 BCE

Human migration to North America from Siberia

13000 BCE

Origins of agriculture in Mesoamerica

8000 BCE - 7000 BCE

Origins of maize cultivation in Mesoamerica

4000 BCE

Origins of agriculture in New Guinea

3000 BCE

Austronesian migrations to New Guinea

3000 BCE

Origins of agriculture in South America

3000 BCE

Capita Society

1500 BCE - 500 BCE

Olmec society

1200 BCE - 100 BCE

Chavin cult

1000 BCE - 300 BCE

Teotihuacan society

200 BCE - 750 CE

Maya Society

300 CE - 1100 CE

Mohica Society

300 CE - 700 CE