The First Council settles on the teachings of the Buddha
400 BCE - 350 BCE
The Second Council meets and splits into the Theravadins and the Mahasanghikas.
Buddhism spreads to China.
0 BCE - 100
Buddhism spreads to Korea.
Buddhism spreads to Japan.
Vajrayana tradition established in Tibet. Muslim invasions of India.
600 - 700
Nichiren Daishonen (Japanese reformer) proclaims superiority of the Lotus Sutra.
1222 - 1282
Buddhist Study Group formed (Melbourne)—1st Australian Buddhist organisation.
Buddhist Society of NSW—oldest Buddhist org. currently in operation in Aus.
Indo-Chinese refugees increase the Buddhist population in Australia.
1970 - 1980
Indus valley civilisation.
3000 BCE - 1700 BCE
Systematic development of various schools of classical Hindu thought.
Gupta Empire (N. India) ushers in the classical period of Hindu civilisation
300 CE - 500 CE
lasts until about 650.
Shankara, the teacher of Advaita (nonduality).
788 CE - 820 Ce
Ramanuja establishes a philosophy based upon devotion to Vishnu.
1017 - 1137
Commencement of Muslim rule in northern India.
Defeat of the Hindu ruler Prithivi Raja by Muhammad Ghuri.
Vallabha, popularise devotion to Krishna in N. India.
1479 - 1531
Tulsidas popularises devotion to Rama in N. India
1532 - 1623
(thru his retelling of the Ramayana.)
British control of Bengal
Ramakrishna famous mystic of Bengal.
1836 - 1886
Swami Vivekananda, spreads Hinduism in Europe + America.
1863 - 1902
(Disciple of Ramakrishna) Also founds Ramakrishna Mission.
1869 - 1948
Ramana Maharshi, famous saint in the tradition of Advaita.
1879 - 1950
Swami Prabhupanda founds the Hare Krishna movement.
1896 - 1977
Spreads to Australia in 1969
The fi rst Hindu Temple to be built in Australia— Sri Mandir Temple.
Saiva Manram Society formed to build a temple for Lord Murukan.
Birth of Muhammad.
Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Madina. Muslim era deemed to begin.
Battle of Badr. Muhammad defeats a Meccan army sent against him.
Death of Muhammad.
Arab conquest of Jerusalem.
Arab conquest of Egypt.
Death of Husayn.
Building of Baghdad.
Al- Ghazali- integration of mysticism+ faithfulness to legal obligation
1058 - 1111
('renewer’ of Islam)
Establishment of the fi rst Delhi sultanates.
Period of the Ottoman dynasty.
1281 - 1922
The Ottomans capture Constantinople.
Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
The Ottomans conquer Egypt.
Muhammad ‘Ali becomes governor of Egypt,
First Mosque in New South Wales at Broken Hill.
Abdl al’Aziz establishes himself as king of Saudi Arabia.
Founding of the radical Islamic organisation, the Muslim Brotherhood.
Egyptian revolution abolishes the monarchy. King Farouk exiled.
Iranian Revolution. Ayatullah Khomeini establishes the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Death of Khomeini.
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
Exodus from Egypt
Birth of Rashi
Birth of Maimonides.
Black Death; Jews massacred.
1347 - 1350
Chevra Kadisha established in Sydney.
Signifi cant Jewish migration to Australia.
1850 - 1860
Ghettos abolished in Italy.
Zionist movement established.
School of Hillel.
1942 - 1945
State of Israel created.
Israel victorious over Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi forces(6day War)
Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.
Israel–PLO Peace Accord.
Yitchak Rabin (Israel Prime Minister) assassinated.
Birth of Jesus.
6 BCE - 4 BCE
Death of Jesus.
Edict of Milan ends persecution of Christians
Schism between the Latin Western Church and the Greek Eastern Church.
Luther posts his Ninety-fi ve Theses in Wittenberg.
Henry VIII proclaimed Supreme Head of the Church of England.
Council of Trent.
1545 - 1563
Catholic missionary activity begins.
Caroline Chisholm begins her work.
Sisters of St Joseph founded in South Australia.
First Vatican Council.
1869 - 1870
St Vincent de Paul Society founded.
Student Christian Movement established.
Assemblies of God begun.
Australian Council for the World Council of Churches established.
World Council of Churches begun.
Second Vatican Council.
1962 - 1965
Gospel of Mark
Gospel of Matthew and Luke
Gospel of John
Uniting Church formed.
National Council of Churches formed.
Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justifi cation (Lutherans and Catholics).
Aboriginal people are well established thru out coastal + mainland Aus. and Tas.
Land bridges between mainland Aus. and Tas. are flooded, isolating Ab.
11000 BCE - 1500
Tasmanian Aboriginal people become isolated for the next 12 000 - 13 000 years.
Settlement of Pacific Islands. (1000yrs later) Dingos arrives in Aus.
Dingos are found within a number of dreamtime stories
The Gathas, core text of the faith written.
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE
Zarathushtra lived. Anywhere from 1500 to 1000 BCE.
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE
Zoroastrianism founded about 3500 years ago by the prophet Zarathushtra
(ancient religion of Persia)
Shinto already present in Japan
1st written volumes of Shinto stories were commissioned + completed
712 CE - 720 CE
(the Kojiki and the Nihong)
Aztec Empire arose
1300 CE - 1400
The birth of Sikhism's founder, Guru Nanak, at village Talwandi
Guru Nanak proclaims 'there is no Hindu, there is no Muslim'-Sikhism is founded.
The fall of the aztecs
The Golden temple is built
Also known as Darbar Sahib or Harmandir
Bahai- the life of Báb
1819 - 1850
Mirza 'Ali Mohammad of Shiraz in Iran proclaimed the imminent appearance of a new messenger of God who would overturn old beliefs and customs and usher in a new era. He identified himself as the forerunner of this prophet, "the Báb" .
First Anglo-Sikh War
1845 - 1846
Second Anglo-Sikh War
1848 - 1849
Báb's earliest disciple, Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri, (Bahá'u'lláh) was arrested
1852 - 1853
Here he realised he was the prophet whose coming had been predicted by the Bab.
Bahá'u'lláh declared that he was the messenger of God foretold by the Bab.
Before Bahá'u'lláh died
India's British rulers pass the Anand Marriage Act, reinforcing Sikh identity.
The Bahá'í faith underwent a rapid expansion
1960 - 2000
beginning in the 1960s, and by the late 20th century it had more than 150 national spiritual assemblies (national governing bodies) and about 20,000 local spiritual assemblies worldwide.
Violence against Sikhs after killing of India Gandhi