Music Timeline

Baroque

Peri write Dafne

1597 - 1600

Known as the inventor of opera, Peri wrote Dafne and Euridice, the first two operas

Composers specify basic articulation

1625

Composers began specifying instrumentation

1625

Improvements in the viol family were made

1690

Melody and harmony became more important

1700

100+ Member Orchestra

1705

Hofkapelle, 102 member orchestra, utilized Italian elements to create an immense orchestra for contrast and imitative effect

Standard Orchestra

1750

At the end of the Baroque Era, the main instrument families were strings, brass, woodwinds, and percussion

Classical

Fortepiano

1700 - 1890

Cristofori invented the fortepiano, which developed through the 18th century and grew into the grand in the late 19th century. More dynamic markings were used in compositions because of the fortepiano's dynamic flexibility

Harpsichord began to go out of style

1750 - 1820

Towards the end of the classical era and the development of the fortepiano, the harpsichord went off the music scene

Wind Instruments

1780

Wind Instruments became more popular and equal participants in orchestras

Baton Conducting

1780 - 1820

Baton conducting was made standard in Germany by Reichardt

Ophicleide

1817 - 1821

A family of conical-bore keyed bugles. Cornerstone of brass section and early version of tuba

Romantic

A standard opera repertoire emerged

1825

Der Freischutz by Weber

1830

An opera with innovative use of brass and woodwinds. Voicing of string parts changed

Symphonie Fantastique

1830

Berlioz writes Symphonie Fantastique, which put an emphasis on the tone of individual instruments

Saxophone invented by Adolphe Sax

1843

Symphonic Poems

1850

A new form, an orchestral work that portrayed a story

Technique

1850

Composers experiments with length of compositions, new harmonies, and tonal relationships. Increased use of dissonance and chromaticism. Emphasized use of "color"

Agogies, dynamics, and timbre all became important

1890

Electronic and Avant Garde

Jazz begins

1890

Invention of Wave Generators

1920

Basic circuits for sound wave generators are created as well as amplifiers and loud speakers

Big Band Era Begins

1920

Couplex Givelet Synthesizer

1929

Couplex Givelet synthesizer is introduced at Paris Expo

Hammond Organ patented

1943

Types of jazz develop

1947

Dizzy Gillespie develops bebop. Miles Davis develops cool jazz

R'n'B becomes rock'n'roll

1950

West Coast jazz develops

1950

Harmonic Tone Generator

1962

James Beauchamp builds the harmonic tone generator

Use of digital FM discovered

1973